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Table 2.

Frog morphotype with low and high contrasting colors within a frog and against a background for bird and frog visual systems

Visual system
Frog (f×f)
Bird (f×f)
Frog (f×b)
Bird (f×b)
IrradianceLCHCLCHCLCHCLCHC
D65 Uyama Almirante Uyama Almirante Shepard Solarte Uyama Almirante 
D55     vs. vs. vs. vs. 
D75     Yellow Zebrina Moss Sticks 
Green   San  Bromiliad plant Solarte  
   Cristobal  leaf  vs. Moss  
Visual system
Frog (f×f)
Bird (f×f)
Frog (f×b)
Bird (f×b)
IrradianceLCHCLCHCLCHCLCHC
D65 Uyama Almirante Uyama Almirante Shepard Solarte Uyama Almirante 
D55     vs. vs. vs. vs. 
D75     Yellow Zebrina Moss Sticks 
Green   San  Bromiliad plant Solarte  
   Cristobal  leaf  vs. Moss  

LC, low contrast colors; HC, high contrast colors.

(f×f), frog colors compared; (f×b), frog colors compared to backgrounds.

Morphotype in each column represents the lowest or highest contrasted colors to the visual system viewing the frog.

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