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Table 6.

Loadings from a discriminant function analysis on 90 strides of uphill,downhill and level locomotion for both C. calyptratus and D. dorsalis on a treadmill

VariableDF1DF2DF3
Relative stride length 0.29 −0.19 −0.04 
Relative step length 0.25 −0.20 −0.34 
Relative Yhipfootfall −0.06 0.39 0.15 
Relative ΔYhiptotal 0.05 0.02 0.19 
Knee angle (footfall) 0.34 0.16 0.26 
Knee angle (end stance) 0.22 0.16 −0.46 
Ankle angle (footfall) 0.43 0.06 
Ankle angle (end stance) 0.07 0.01 −0.11 
Toe orientation (footfall) 0.13 0.13 −0.07 
Pelvic rotation 0.12 −0.05 0.10 
Min. femur retraction −0.08 0.18 −0.09 
Max. femur retraction 0.01 0.19 −0.48 
Min. femur depression −0.42 0.38 0.26 
Max. femur depression −0.06 0.38 −0.38 
Min. femur rotation 0.13 −0.31 0.28 
Max. femur rotation 0.39 0.23 0.08 
VariableDF1DF2DF3
Relative stride length 0.29 −0.19 −0.04 
Relative step length 0.25 −0.20 −0.34 
Relative Yhipfootfall −0.06 0.39 0.15 
Relative ΔYhiptotal 0.05 0.02 0.19 
Knee angle (footfall) 0.34 0.16 0.26 
Knee angle (end stance) 0.22 0.16 −0.46 
Ankle angle (footfall) 0.43 0.06 
Ankle angle (end stance) 0.07 0.01 −0.11 
Toe orientation (footfall) 0.13 0.13 −0.07 
Pelvic rotation 0.12 −0.05 0.10 
Min. femur retraction −0.08 0.18 −0.09 
Max. femur retraction 0.01 0.19 −0.48 
Min. femur depression −0.42 0.38 0.26 
Max. femur depression −0.06 0.38 −0.38 
Min. femur rotation 0.13 −0.31 0.28 
Max. femur rotation 0.39 0.23 0.08 

Loadings with a magnitude≥0.3 are marked in bold type.

Canonical correlations for DF1, DF2 and DF3 were 0.99, 0.91 and 0.70,respectively.

Yhipfootfall, hip height at footfall;Δ Yhiptotal, total vertical oscillation of the hip for the entire stride cycle.

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