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Table 2.

F values from three-way ANOVAs performed separately on each kinematic variable that indicates maximum and minimum linear positions and displacements in the x, y and z dimensions relative to the hip during the stride cycle for C. calyptratus moving on a perch and treadmill

Anatomical locationXminXmaxΔXYminYmaxΔYZminZmaxΔZ
Incline (2,6)          
Knee 7.1* 20.5** 1.0 2.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.7 3.9 
Ankle 5.6* 6.7* 0.4 2.7 2.1 0.5 2.3 1.9 2.5 
Metatarsal 4.2 8.7** 0.2 2.7 1.2 0.2 1.1 2.5 2.3 
Surface (1,3)          
Knee 4.3 66.4** 12.1 3.9 9.1 5.4 0.1 13.8* 
Ankle 0.1 32.0* 7.7 2.2 55.6** 1.0 76.5** 6.3 1.5 
Metatarsal 1.3 50.4** 0.9 11.2* 21.5** 0.9 98.8** 15.8* 5.5 
Incline×Surface (2,6)          
Knee 3.9 0.2 3.7 1.5 1.6 0.6 2.1 0.3 
Ankle 3.9 0.2 4.0 0.3 14.6** 1.7 1.0 0.3 0.3 
Metatarsal 2.6 0.3 2.5 0.1 8.9** 2.5 3.9 0.5 1.0 
Anatomical locationXminXmaxΔXYminYmaxΔYZminZmaxΔZ
Incline (2,6)          
Knee 7.1* 20.5** 1.0 2.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.7 3.9 
Ankle 5.6* 6.7* 0.4 2.7 2.1 0.5 2.3 1.9 2.5 
Metatarsal 4.2 8.7** 0.2 2.7 1.2 0.2 1.1 2.5 2.3 
Surface (1,3)          
Knee 4.3 66.4** 12.1 3.9 9.1 5.4 0.1 13.8* 
Ankle 0.1 32.0* 7.7 2.2 55.6** 1.0 76.5** 6.3 1.5 
Metatarsal 1.3 50.4** 0.9 11.2* 21.5** 0.9 98.8** 15.8* 5.5 
Incline×Surface (2,6)          
Knee 3.9 0.2 3.7 1.5 1.6 0.6 2.1 0.3 
Ankle 3.9 0.2 4.0 0.3 14.6** 1.7 1.0 0.3 0.3 
Metatarsal 2.6 0.3 2.5 0.1 8.9** 2.5 3.9 0.5 1.0 

*P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

ANOVA effects and degrees of freedom (in parentheses) are given above each group of rows indicating different locations within the hindlimb.

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