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Table 1.

F values from three-way ANOVAs performed separately on each variable

C. calyptratus + D. dorsalis
C. calyptratus only
Dependent variableSpecies d.f.=1,6Incline d.f.=2,12Species×Incline d.f.=2,12Incline d.f.=2,6Surface d.f.=1,3Incline×Surface d.f.=2,6
Duty factor 0.1 0.2 3.4 3.1 1.9 0.2 
Stride length1 1.1 4.5* 2.8 1.0 1.9 0.4 
Step length1 1.9 3.6 5.9* 2.3 0.3 
Yminhip1 2.2 18.4*** 7.6** 0.5 19.2* 2.0 
Ymaxhip1 0.2 9.5** 4.0 0.9 17.7* 2.0 
C. calyptratus + D. dorsalis
C. calyptratus only
Dependent variableSpecies d.f.=1,6Incline d.f.=2,12Species×Incline d.f.=2,12Incline d.f.=2,6Surface d.f.=1,3Incline×Surface d.f.=2,6
Duty factor 0.1 0.2 3.4 3.1 1.9 0.2 
Stride length1 1.1 4.5* 2.8 1.0 1.9 0.4 
Step length1 1.9 3.6 5.9* 2.3 0.3 
Yminhip1 2.2 18.4*** 7.6** 0.5 19.2* 2.0 
Ymaxhip1 0.2 9.5** 4.0 0.9 17.7* 2.0 

*P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

Main effects and interaction terms are listed above each column.

d.f., degrees of freedom.

1Units are cm for C. calyptratus only and proportions for C. calyptratus + D. dorsalis.

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