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Table 2.

Peak vertical force (BW units), and vertical, fore–aft and mediolateral impulses (BW·s)

Arboreal
Terrestrial
Fore limbHind limbFore limbHind limb
Peak vertical force 1.010±0.0285 (0.821, 1.309) 0.625±0.0290 (0.383, 0.897) 1.528±0.0724 (0.901, 2.075) 0.898±0.0565 (0.577, 1.241) 
Vertical impulse 0.0423±0.00186 (0.0378, 0.0663) 0.0239±0.00186 (0.0180, 0.0420) 0.0519±0.00157 (0.0333, 0.0645) 0.0216±0.00292 (0.0126, 0.0321) 
Braking impulse 0.00362±0.00031 (0.0014, 0.0065) 0.00163±0.00029 (0.0003, 0.0053) 0.00322±0.00040 (0.0008, 0.0069) 0.00092±0.00017 (0.0002, 0.0029) 
Propulsive impulse 0.00368±0.00041 (0.0003, 0.0080) 0.00164±0.00028 (0.00000, 0.0042) 0.00245±0.00028 (0.0005, 0.0043) 0.00312±0.00058 (0.0008, 0.0079) 
Net fore–aft impulse 0.00006±0.00058 (–0.0047, 0.0066) 0.00000±0.00052 (–0.0053, 0.0039) –0.00077±0.00054 (–0.0064, 0.0017) 0.00221±0.00066 (–0.0007, 0.0074) 
Net mediolateral impulse 0.00444±0.00053 (–0.0021, 0.0096) 0.00450±0.00044 (0.0008, 0.0107) –0.00496±0.00159 (–0.0158, 0.0085) –0.00310±0.00107 (–0.0121, 0.0050) 
Arboreal
Terrestrial
Fore limbHind limbFore limbHind limb
Peak vertical force 1.010±0.0285 (0.821, 1.309) 0.625±0.0290 (0.383, 0.897) 1.528±0.0724 (0.901, 2.075) 0.898±0.0565 (0.577, 1.241) 
Vertical impulse 0.0423±0.00186 (0.0378, 0.0663) 0.0239±0.00186 (0.0180, 0.0420) 0.0519±0.00157 (0.0333, 0.0645) 0.0216±0.00292 (0.0126, 0.0321) 
Braking impulse 0.00362±0.00031 (0.0014, 0.0065) 0.00163±0.00029 (0.0003, 0.0053) 0.00322±0.00040 (0.0008, 0.0069) 0.00092±0.00017 (0.0002, 0.0029) 
Propulsive impulse 0.00368±0.00041 (0.0003, 0.0080) 0.00164±0.00028 (0.00000, 0.0042) 0.00245±0.00028 (0.0005, 0.0043) 0.00312±0.00058 (0.0008, 0.0079) 
Net fore–aft impulse 0.00006±0.00058 (–0.0047, 0.0066) 0.00000±0.00052 (–0.0053, 0.0039) –0.00077±0.00054 (–0.0064, 0.0017) 0.00221±0.00066 (–0.0007, 0.0074) 
Net mediolateral impulse 0.00444±0.00053 (–0.0021, 0.0096) 0.00450±0.00044 (0.0008, 0.0107) –0.00496±0.00159 (–0.0158, 0.0085) –0.00310±0.00107 (–0.0121, 0.0050) 

Values are means ± s.e.m. (minimum, maximum), N=75.

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