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Table 4.

Peak forces generated by cavitation and limb impact on curved and flat 3-axis force sensors

Limb impact (N)Cavitation (N)Ratio within strikes (cavitation):(impact)
Curved surface    
   Maxima 398–983 187–390 0.46–1.00 
   Mean (s.d.472 (125) 179 (55) 0.40 (0.10) 
Flat surface    
   Maxima 499–1501 256–504 0.57–1.40 
   Mean (s.d.693 (174) 348 (116) 0.54 (0.14) 
Limb impact (N)Cavitation (N)Ratio within strikes (cavitation):(impact)
Curved surface    
   Maxima 398–983 187–390 0.46–1.00 
   Mean (s.d.472 (125) 179 (55) 0.40 (0.10) 
Flat surface    
   Maxima 499–1501 256–504 0.57–1.40 
   Mean (s.d.693 (174) 348 (116) 0.54 (0.14) 

Limb impact is reported as the vector sum of the three axes.

Cavitation forces in the x and y axes were negligible, so these forces are reported from the z axis only.

The cavitation:impact ratio is calculated from the z axis only.

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