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Table 1.

Summary data on body masses, plasma osmolality and body temperature in six captive Arabian sand gazelles exposed to three different food and water treatments in Mahazat as-Sayd, Saudi Arabia

Food and water regimens
Treatment 1Treatment 2Treatment 3
Body mass    
    Initial (kg) 16.0±1.2a 16.1±1.1a 16.0±1.2a 
    Final (kg) 16.1±1.1a 15.2±1.2b 14.2±1.1c 
    Change (%) +0.1±1.1a -4.8±1.5b -11.3±1.0c 
Plasma osmolality (mOsm) 319.8±3.4a 318.2±3.0a 325.7±2.1b 
Body temperature (°C)    
    Mean 39.5±0.2a 39.5±0.3a 39.8±0.2b 
    Maximum 40.6±0.5a 40.9±0.6b 41.3±0.4c 
    Minimum 38.3±0.5a 37.2±1.0b 38.1±0.6a 
    Amplitude 2.3±0.7a 3.7±1.0b 3.3±0.8c 
Food and water regimens
Treatment 1Treatment 2Treatment 3
Body mass    
    Initial (kg) 16.0±1.2a 16.1±1.1a 16.0±1.2a 
    Final (kg) 16.1±1.1a 15.2±1.2b 14.2±1.1c 
    Change (%) +0.1±1.1a -4.8±1.5b -11.3±1.0c 
Plasma osmolality (mOsm) 319.8±3.4a 318.2±3.0a 325.7±2.1b 
Body temperature (°C)    
    Mean 39.5±0.2a 39.5±0.3a 39.8±0.2b 
    Maximum 40.6±0.5a 40.9±0.6b 41.3±0.4c 
    Minimum 38.3±0.5a 37.2±1.0b 38.1±0.6a 
    Amplitude 2.3±0.7a 3.7±1.0b 3.3±0.8c 

Treatment 1: provided with natural food and drinking water to maintenance levels for 3 days.

Treatment 2: provided with natural food but no drinking water for 3 days.

Treatment 3: denied natural food and drinking water for 3 days.

Values are means ± s.d.; values with different superscript letters differ significantly (P<0.05).

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