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Table 1.

Effects of dcEFs on intracellular Ca2+ levels and cytoskeletal components on the cathodal and anodal sides of a typical motile cell

Cathodal side (leading edge) Anodal side (rear margin)
[Ca2+]i  Decreased   Increased  
Actin   Depolymerization/polymerization (increased)   Polymerization/depolymerization (increased)  
Actomyosin   Relaxation   Contraction  
Adhesion   Increased   Decreased  
Cathodal side (leading edge) Anodal side (rear margin)
[Ca2+]i  Decreased   Increased  
Actin   Depolymerization/polymerization (increased)   Polymerization/depolymerization (increased)  
Actomyosin   Relaxation   Contraction  
Adhesion   Increased   Decreased  
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