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Table 1.

`Time to phloem feeding' and `time to feed'(Fig. 1) for various homopteran–host plant systems

HomopteranHost plantAverage time to phloem feeding (min)Average total time to feed (min)Reference
Horned aphid, A. pallida Bamboo 9.0 (fought) – Present study 
Horned aphid, A. pallida Bamboo 22.8 (found) – Present study 
Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Lupin 23 71.7 (Zehnder et al., 2001) 
Rhopalosiphum padi Barley 73 136 (Ponder et al., 2000) 
Nasonovia ribisnigi Lettuce 24.8 333.3 (van Helden and Tjallingii,1993) 
Grain aphid, Sitobin avenae Wheat 37.3 108.6 (Leszczynski et al., 1995) 
Grain aphid, Sitobian avenae Wheat 49 83 (Caillaud et al., 1995) 
Sweet-potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Tomato 57 188.6 (Jiang et al., 2001) 
Greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Cucumber 39 – (Janssen et al., 1989) 
HomopteranHost plantAverage time to phloem feeding (min)Average total time to feed (min)Reference
Horned aphid, A. pallida Bamboo 9.0 (fought) – Present study 
Horned aphid, A. pallida Bamboo 22.8 (found) – Present study 
Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Lupin 23 71.7 (Zehnder et al., 2001) 
Rhopalosiphum padi Barley 73 136 (Ponder et al., 2000) 
Nasonovia ribisnigi Lettuce 24.8 333.3 (van Helden and Tjallingii,1993) 
Grain aphid, Sitobin avenae Wheat 37.3 108.6 (Leszczynski et al., 1995) 
Grain aphid, Sitobian avenae Wheat 49 83 (Caillaud et al., 1995) 
Sweet-potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Tomato 57 188.6 (Jiang et al., 2001) 
Greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Cucumber 39 – (Janssen et al., 1989) 
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