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Table 1.

Gait definitions

GaitFoot-fall contact orderNumber of limbs in contact with the ground at any timePresence of aerial phaseNotes
Symmetric gaits     
   Walk LH, LF, RH, RF 2–3 or 3–4 No Foot-fall contacts occur at approximately even intervals in time. 
   Tolt LH, LF, RH, RF 1–2 No  
   Trot (LH+RF), (RH+LF) 0–2 Possible LF and RF stance times are of approximately equal length, and LH and RH stance times are of approximately equal length. 
   Pace (LH+LF), (RH+RF) 0–2 Possible  
Asymmetric gaits     
   Left canter RH, RF before or at the same time as LH, LF 0–3 Yes Canters and gallops are distinguished by the order of foot-falls. 
   Right canter LH, LF before or at the same time as RH, RF 0–3 Yes Stance times are not necessarily equal between left and right forelimbs or between left and right hindlimbs. 
   Left gallop RH, LH, RF, LF 0–3 Yes  
   Right gallop LH, RH, LF, RF 0–3 Yes  
GaitFoot-fall contact orderNumber of limbs in contact with the ground at any timePresence of aerial phaseNotes
Symmetric gaits     
   Walk LH, LF, RH, RF 2–3 or 3–4 No Foot-fall contacts occur at approximately even intervals in time. 
   Tolt LH, LF, RH, RF 1–2 No  
   Trot (LH+RF), (RH+LF) 0–2 Possible LF and RF stance times are of approximately equal length, and LH and RH stance times are of approximately equal length. 
   Pace (LH+LF), (RH+RF) 0–2 Possible  
Asymmetric gaits     
   Left canter RH, RF before or at the same time as LH, LF 0–3 Yes Canters and gallops are distinguished by the order of foot-falls. 
   Right canter LH, LF before or at the same time as RH, RF 0–3 Yes Stance times are not necessarily equal between left and right forelimbs or between left and right hindlimbs. 
   Left gallop RH, LH, RF, LF 0–3 Yes  
   Right gallop LH, RH, LF, RF 0–3 Yes  

Gaits were identified from observation of foot-fall sequence (where LF is the left forelimb, RF is the right forelimb, LH is the left hindlimb and RH is the right hindlimb), the number of limbs in contact with the ground and the presence of aerial phases. Any strides that were unusual and could not be identified were designated `unclassified'

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