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Table 1.

Specimens used in the finite element analysis and their parameter values

SpecimenLordosisTL (mm)e (mm)minmaxr ± s.d. (mm)e/r
WBT38-S17 No 35.8 0.40 −2.11 1.60 0.195±0.0375 2.05 
WBT38-S13 No 36.4 0.48 −2.08 2.06 0.185±0.0354 2.60 
WCT38-S19 No 40.9 0.40 −1.77 1.63 0.249±0.0685 1.61 
WCT38-S13 No 47.7 0.86 −1.83 1.85 0.297±0.0587 2.90 
      Mean 2.29 
WBT38-S05 Yes 34.6 0.93 −2.15 1.70 0.211±0.0481 4.42 
WBT38-S06 Yes 35.5 0.83 −2.24 1.70 0.211±0.0583 3.93 
WCT38-S15 Yes 45.7 1.20 −2.02 1.58 0.291±0.0918 4.13 
WCT38-S07 Yes 46.6 1.26 −2.16 1.85 0.299±0.0715 4.21 
      Mean 4.17 
SpecimenLordosisTL (mm)e (mm)minmaxr ± s.d. (mm)e/r
WBT38-S17 No 35.8 0.40 −2.11 1.60 0.195±0.0375 2.05 
WBT38-S13 No 36.4 0.48 −2.08 2.06 0.185±0.0354 2.60 
WCT38-S19 No 40.9 0.40 −1.77 1.63 0.249±0.0685 1.61 
WCT38-S13 No 47.7 0.86 −1.83 1.85 0.297±0.0587 2.90 
      Mean 2.29 
WBT38-S05 Yes 34.6 0.93 −2.15 1.70 0.211±0.0481 4.42 
WBT38-S06 Yes 35.5 0.83 −2.24 1.70 0.211±0.0583 3.93 
WCT38-S15 Yes 45.7 1.20 −2.02 1.58 0.291±0.0918 4.13 
WCT38-S07 Yes 46.6 1.26 −2.16 1.85 0.299±0.0715 4.21 
      Mean 4.17 

TL is total length, e is eccentricity, min and max are the minimum and maximum positions of the dimensionless ỹ,r is radius of gyration and e/r is the dimensionless lordosis ratio. The mean lordosis ratio is calculated for both the normal and the lordotic specimens. Specimens shown in Fig. 5 are in italics.

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