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Table 5.

Summary of variables showing differences (according to univariate ANOVAs) due to direction

VariableUpDown
Maximum humerus-forearm angle 136.7° 150.5° 
Minimum humerus-ramp angle -7.7° -25.3° 
Pectoral girdle angle range 42.7° 50.6° 
Minimum femur-crus angle 91.2° 100.5° 
Time to minimum pelvic girdle-femur angle 39.6% 94.4% 
Time to minimum femur-ramp angle 41.6% 75.6% 
Time to minimum forearm-ramp angle 31.2% 87.1% 
Time to maximum crus-ramp angle 27.4% 69.8% 
Time to maximum femur-crus angle 37.3% 73.0% 
Time to minimum pectoral girdle-humerus angle 88.3% 43.6% 
Time to maximum humerus-forearm angle 68.9% 3.1% 
Time to minimum femur-crus angle 86.6% 33.4% 
Time to minimum humerus-ramp angle 98.0% 59.5% 
Time to maximum forearm-ramp angle 82.6% 41.7% 
Time to minimum crus-ramp angle 86.6% 33.4% 
Time to maximum pectoral girdle-humerus 56.5% 17.6% 
Time to maximum pelvic girdle-femur 11.6% 60.1% 
Time to maximum humerus-ramp 63.7% 35.8% 
VariableUpDown
Maximum humerus-forearm angle 136.7° 150.5° 
Minimum humerus-ramp angle -7.7° -25.3° 
Pectoral girdle angle range 42.7° 50.6° 
Minimum femur-crus angle 91.2° 100.5° 
Time to minimum pelvic girdle-femur angle 39.6% 94.4% 
Time to minimum femur-ramp angle 41.6% 75.6% 
Time to minimum forearm-ramp angle 31.2% 87.1% 
Time to maximum crus-ramp angle 27.4% 69.8% 
Time to maximum femur-crus angle 37.3% 73.0% 
Time to minimum pectoral girdle-humerus angle 88.3% 43.6% 
Time to maximum humerus-forearm angle 68.9% 3.1% 
Time to minimum femur-crus angle 86.6% 33.4% 
Time to minimum humerus-ramp angle 98.0% 59.5% 
Time to maximum forearm-ramp angle 82.6% 41.7% 
Time to minimum crus-ramp angle 86.6% 33.4% 
Time to maximum pectoral girdle-humerus 56.5% 17.6% 
Time to maximum pelvic girdle-femur 11.6% 60.1% 
Time to maximum humerus-ramp 63.7% 35.8% 

Bold type indicates greater values (for angular variables) or earlier occurrence in the stride (for timing variables). Variables in italic type were not satistically significant but approached significance.

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