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Table 3.

Individual ANOVA results for kinematic angle variables comparing direction of movement, stride (Ramp 2, Ramp 1, Water 1, Water 2) within sequence, and individual

Direction (d.f.=1, 3)
Stride (d.f.=3, 9)
Direction × stride (d.f.=3, 9)
Variable (angle)FPFPFP
Pectoral girdle range 23.3 0.02 0.7 0.55 0.9 0.46 
Pelvic girdle range 0.2 0.72 5.4 0.02 8.0 0.006 
Trunk range 2.4 0.22 4.9 0.03 5.7 0.02 
Min. pectoral girdle—humerus 0.8 0.44 2.3 0.14 1.6 0.25 
Max. pectoral girdle—humerus 7.7 0.07 2.9 0.09 0.8 0.53 
Min. pelvic girdle—femur 1.8 0.27 0.6 0.61 5.6 0.02 
Max. pelvic girdle—femur 0.004 0.95 1.5 0.27 9.1 0.004 
Min. humerus—forearm 5.8 0.10 12.1 0.002 1.3 0.34 
Max. humerus—forearm 71.5 0.003 7.2 0.009 1.3 0.34 
Min. femur—crus 21.7 0.02 4.2 0.04 5.7 0.02 
Max. femur—crus 0.002 0.96 1.8 0.21 1.5 0.27 
Min. humerus—ramp 72.7 0.003 7.1 0.009 8.9 0.004 
Max. humerus—ramp 1.8 0.26 3.5 0.06 0.9 0.48 
Min. forearm—ramp 2.7 0.20 6.7 0.01 1.8 0.21 
Max. forearm—ramp 4.1 0.14 0.4 0.73 1.1 0.38 
Min. femur—ramp 2.2 0.24 6.0 0.02 3.2 0.07 
Max. femur—ramp 0.006 0.94 0.8 0.51 8.8 0.005 
Min. crus—ramp 1.4 0.32 0.6 0.62 3.3 0.07 
Max. crus—ramp 5.2 0.12 6.4 0.01 2.1 0.18 
Direction (d.f.=1, 3)
Stride (d.f.=3, 9)
Direction × stride (d.f.=3, 9)
Variable (angle)FPFPFP
Pectoral girdle range 23.3 0.02 0.7 0.55 0.9 0.46 
Pelvic girdle range 0.2 0.72 5.4 0.02 8.0 0.006 
Trunk range 2.4 0.22 4.9 0.03 5.7 0.02 
Min. pectoral girdle—humerus 0.8 0.44 2.3 0.14 1.6 0.25 
Max. pectoral girdle—humerus 7.7 0.07 2.9 0.09 0.8 0.53 
Min. pelvic girdle—femur 1.8 0.27 0.6 0.61 5.6 0.02 
Max. pelvic girdle—femur 0.004 0.95 1.5 0.27 9.1 0.004 
Min. humerus—forearm 5.8 0.10 12.1 0.002 1.3 0.34 
Max. humerus—forearm 71.5 0.003 7.2 0.009 1.3 0.34 
Min. femur—crus 21.7 0.02 4.2 0.04 5.7 0.02 
Max. femur—crus 0.002 0.96 1.8 0.21 1.5 0.27 
Min. humerus—ramp 72.7 0.003 7.1 0.009 8.9 0.004 
Max. humerus—ramp 1.8 0.26 3.5 0.06 0.9 0.48 
Min. forearm—ramp 2.7 0.20 6.7 0.01 1.8 0.21 
Max. forearm—ramp 4.1 0.14 0.4 0.73 1.1 0.38 
Min. femur—ramp 2.2 0.24 6.0 0.02 3.2 0.07 
Max. femur—ramp 0.006 0.94 0.8 0.51 8.8 0.005 
Min. crus—ramp 1.4 0.32 0.6 0.62 3.3 0.07 
Max. crus—ramp 5.2 0.12 6.4 0.01 2.1 0.18 

Bold type indicates a significant difference at α=0.05 (sequential Bonferroni-corrected).

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