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Table 1.

Latencies (ms) between activation, strain and kinematic events of the lower jaw during suction feeding in largemouth bass

Gape kinematic events
Strain
EMG activation
FastPeakClosing onsetClosedOnsetFastPeakReturnOnsetOffset
Gape           
    Slow -36±6 -62±6 -90±10 -135±12 3±4* -42±6 -90±7 -135±13 -27±7 -94±12 
    Fast  -26±1 -55±5 -98±6 33±4 -6±5* -54±2 -99±8 9±2 -58±7 
    Peak   -28±5 -72±7 59±4 20±6 -28±3 -73±8 35±2 -32±7 
    Closing onset    -44±3 87±6 49±8 -0±3* -45±4 64±5 -3±3* 
    Closed     131±8 93±8 44±5 -1±2* 107±7 41±3 
Strain           
    Onset      -39±6 -87±4 -132±9 -23±6 -91±8 
    Fast       -49±6 -93±10 15±7 -52±9 
    Peak        -45±6 65±3 -3±5* 
    Return         108±8 41±4 
    EMG onset          -67±6 
Gape kinematic events
Strain
EMG activation
FastPeakClosing onsetClosedOnsetFastPeakReturnOnsetOffset
Gape           
    Slow -36±6 -62±6 -90±10 -135±12 3±4* -42±6 -90±7 -135±13 -27±7 -94±12 
    Fast  -26±1 -55±5 -98±6 33±4 -6±5* -54±2 -99±8 9±2 -58±7 
    Peak   -28±5 -72±7 59±4 20±6 -28±3 -73±8 35±2 -32±7 
    Closing onset    -44±3 87±6 49±8 -0±3* -45±4 64±5 -3±3* 
    Closed     131±8 93±8 44±5 -1±2* 107±7 41±3 
Strain           
    Onset      -39±6 -87±4 -132±9 -23±6 -91±8 
    Fast       -49±6 -93±10 15±7 -52±9 
    Peak        -45±6 65±3 -3±5* 
    Return         108±8 41±4 
    EMG onset          -67±6 

Values are means ± SEM for five individuals with 4-9 feedings per individual. See Fig. 3 for details.

*

Latency was not significantly different from zero in single t-test(P<0.05).

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