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Table 1.

Summary of mean measurements andt-testsa

WalkGallopP-value
Treadmill speed (m s-1) (±s.d.1.54 (±0.40) 2.76 (±0.26) <0.001 
Gait cycle duration (ms) (±s.d.446 (±44) 365 (±47) <0.05 
Head-to-space pitch displacement (deg.) (±s.d.15 (±7) 14 (±7) >0.05 
Trunk-to-space pitch displacement (deg.) (±s.d.6 (±2) 25 (±7) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk pitch displacement (deg.) (±s.d.14 (±6) 22 (±6) <0.01 
Head-to-space mean pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.66 (±10) 80 (±12) >0.05 
Trunk-to-space mean pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.38 (±4) 126 (±8) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk mean pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.74 (±9) 123 (±12) <0.01 
Head-to-space maximum pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.194 (±25) 202 (±29) >0.05 
Trunk-to-space maximum pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.87 (±9) 271 (±27) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk maximum pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.197 (±20) 311 (±33) <0.01 
Head-to-earth horizontal mean position (deg.) (±s.e.m.–31 (±2) –34 (±3) >0.05 
Trunk-to-earth horizontal mean position (deg.) (±s.e.m.–10 (±7) –15 (±1) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk mean position (deg.) (±s.e.m.21 (±2) 20 (±3) >0.05 
WalkGallopP-value
Treadmill speed (m s-1) (±s.d.1.54 (±0.40) 2.76 (±0.26) <0.001 
Gait cycle duration (ms) (±s.d.446 (±44) 365 (±47) <0.05 
Head-to-space pitch displacement (deg.) (±s.d.15 (±7) 14 (±7) >0.05 
Trunk-to-space pitch displacement (deg.) (±s.d.6 (±2) 25 (±7) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk pitch displacement (deg.) (±s.d.14 (±6) 22 (±6) <0.01 
Head-to-space mean pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.66 (±10) 80 (±12) >0.05 
Trunk-to-space mean pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.38 (±4) 126 (±8) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk mean pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.74 (±9) 123 (±12) <0.01 
Head-to-space maximum pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.194 (±25) 202 (±29) >0.05 
Trunk-to-space maximum pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.87 (±9) 271 (±27) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk maximum pitch velocity (deg. s-1)(±s.e.m.197 (±20) 311 (±33) <0.01 
Head-to-earth horizontal mean position (deg.) (±s.e.m.–31 (±2) –34 (±3) >0.05 
Trunk-to-earth horizontal mean position (deg.) (±s.e.m.–10 (±7) –15 (±1) <0.001 
Head-to-trunk mean position (deg.) (±s.e.m.21 (±2) 20 (±3) >0.05 
a

N=10 locomotor cycles per gait

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