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Keywords: wind
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (12): jeb240499.
Published: 18 June 2021
... these reaction norms themselves consistent over time, i.e. repeatable? Here, we quantified individual baseline glucocorticoid responses in house sparrows, Passer domesticus , to sequential manipulations of temperature, wind speed and food unpredictability that were repeated in discrete blocks of...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (17): jeb231415.
Published: 03 September 2020
... ambient temperatures, increasing the risk of hyperthermia. Exposure to wind, a pervasive environmental factor for most terrestrial animals, is known to increase heat loss, but its effects on the reproductive performance of small mammals remains unclear. In the present study, the effects of wind on the...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (22): jeb186270.
Published: 19 November 2018
...Tyson L. Hedrick; Cécile Pichot; Emmanuel de Margerie ABSTRACT Although the biomechanics of animal flight have been well studied in laboratory apparatus such as wind tunnels for many years, the applicability of these data to natural flight behaviour has been examined in few instances and mostly in...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (7): 937–948.
Published: 01 April 2016
..., suggesting that the vibrissae may play a role in anemotaxis. Whisker Trigeminal Flow-sensing Wind Anemotaxis Anemotaxic behavior Wind following When taken with the recent discovery that whisking and sniffing are synchronized by a common central pattern generator ( Moore et al., 2013...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (6): 876–885.
Published: 15 March 2014
..., low speed). Overall dynamic body acceleration, calculated from acceleration data, was used as a proxy for energy expenditure during flight. The impact of windscape characteristics (wind force and direction) upon flight costs was also tested. Energy expenditure of northern gannets was higher during...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (14): 2317–2326.
Published: 15 July 2008
... challenged freely walking virgin male cockroaches, Periplaneta americana , to track plumes of airborne female pheromone and then video-recorded and analyzed their responses as the odor plume and wind were independently manipulated. Plume tracking males that experienced the total loss of directional air flow...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (1): 82–90.
Published: 01 January 2007
...Judy Shamoun-Baranes; Emiel van Loon; Felix Liechti; Willem Bouten SUMMARY How flying organisms alter their air speed in response to wind is important in theories of flight energetics. Numerous studies have investigated the relationship between air and wind as a function of ground speed and air...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (8): 1430–1440.
Published: 15 April 2006
...Jeffrey D. Triblehorn; David D. Yager SUMMARY The wind-sensitive cercal system, well-known for mediating terrestrial escape responses, may also mediate insect aerial bat-avoidance responses triggered by wind generated by the approaching bat. One crucial question is whether enough time exists...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (7): 905–910.
Published: 01 April 2002
...Johan Bäckman; Thomas Alerstam SUMMARY Swifts regularly spend the night flying at high altitude. From previous studies based on tracking radar observations, we know that they stay airborne during the night and prefer to orient themselves into the wind direction with an increased angular...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 158 (1): 117–132.
Published: 01 July 1991
...LISBETH FRANCIS Using a wind tunnel built over a shallow pool and methods devised for measuring the performance of yacht sails, I describe aerodynamic performance in situ for the sailor-by-the-wind, Velella velella. By contrast with designers of the modern yacht mainsail, natural selection has...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 155 (1): 193–202.
Published: 01 January 1991
... increase in whole-body cooling rates resulting from exposure of the wings to various wind speeds (0–50 km h −1 ) at 23°C. The maximum value of H Wings was 3.8 W, less than twice the heat production of a resting pigeon. This indicates that the contribution of the wings to heat dissipation during flight may...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1988) 136 (1): 193–208.
Published: 01 May 1988
... following exposure of the legs and feet to various combinations of wind speed (0–75 km h −1 ) and air temperature (5–25°C). The pigeons remained hyperthermic when their hindlimbs were kept insulated, but their bodies cooled markedly as a result of exposure of the legs and feet. With a 12.5km h −1 wind at 25...