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Keywords: water
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (12): jeb234427.
Published: 17 June 2021
...Nicholas B. Sakich; Glenn J. Tattersall ABSTRACT Whether scales reduce cutaneous evaporative water loss in lepidosaur reptiles (Superorder Lepidosauria) such as lizards and snakes has been a contentious issue for nearly half a century. Furthermore, while many studies have looked at whether...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (5): jeb241414.
Published: 5 March 2021
...Matthew Edwards; Coleman M. Sheehy, 3rd; Matthew T. Fedler; Harvey B. Lillywhite ABSTRACT We quantified drinking behavior in three species of North American watersnakes: Nerodia clarkii , which is a marine or brackish water amphibious species, and Nerodia fasciata and Nerodia taxispilota , both...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (3): jeb216424.
Published: 3 February 2020
...François Brischoux; Erika Beaugeard; Bertille Mohring; Charline Parenteau; Frédéric Angelier ABSTRACT Future environmental variations linked to climate change are expected to influence precipitation regimes and thus drinking water availability. Dehydration can be a particularly challenging...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (21): jeb209668.
Published: 31 October 2019
.... 27 6 2019 22 9 2019 © 2019. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2019 http://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Summary: Passive tension in skeletal muscle increases in proportion to tissue fluid volume, suggesting that natural fluctuations in water content may...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (19): 3565–3570.
Published: 1 October 2017
...Harvey B. Lillywhite ABSTRACT An important question related to the survival of dehydrating animals is whether feeding provides a net gain of water – contributing postprandial free water and metabolic water – or, alternatively, whether digestion and assimilation of ingested food incur a net loss...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (8): 1396–1399.
Published: 15 April 2017
...Yiwen Wang; Rocío Gallego Carballo; Bernard Moussian ABSTRACT The integument protects the organism against penetration of xenobiotics and water that would potentially interfere with homeostasis. In insects that play key roles in a variety of agricultural and ecological habitats, this inward barrier...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (8): 1235–1243.
Published: 15 April 2015
...Glenna T. Clifton; Tyson L. Hedrick; Andrew A. Biewener ABSTRACT Few vertebrates run on water. The largest animals to accomplish this feat are western and Clark's grebes ( Aechmophorus occidentalis and Aechmophorus clarkii ). These birds use water running to secure a mate during a display called...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (19): 3606–3610.
Published: 1 October 2013
...Cecilia Boutry; Todd A. Blackledge SUMMARY Like many biomaterials, spider silk responds to water through softening and swelling. Major ampullate silk, the main structural element of most prey capture webs, also shrinks dramatically if unrestrained or develops high tension if restrained...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (6): 915–920.
Published: 15 March 2011
...-off for these insects to adopt hydrophobic technologies, especially on contacting surfaces such as legs and wings. The cranefly is a weak flier, with many species typically found in wet/moist environments where they lay eggs. Water droplets placed on this insect's wings will spontaneously roll off...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (21): 3757–3762.
Published: 1 November 2007
.... However, the functional and evolutionary significance of distal rhynchokinesis and other cranial kinesis is unclear. We report for the first time the use and occurrence of distal rhynchokinesis in wild long-billed shorebirds feeding on small prey items suspended in water. We tested whether prey size...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (17): 3293–3300.
Published: 1 September 2006
... later than controls. This indicates that selecting adults for desiccation resistance results in longer third larval instar. Newly eclosed D flies had higher carbohydrate and water contents in comparison with control populations. No differences were found in body mass,water or metabolite contents...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (10): 1887–1894.
Published: 15 May 2005
...Eran Gefen; Amos Ar SUMMARY Scorpions of the Family Buthidae have lower water loss rates (WLR) and enhanced osmoregulatory capacities in comparison with sympatric species of F. Scorpionidae. In this study we followed changes in water content of different body compartments in four scorpion species...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (7): 1297–1308.
Published: 1 April 2005
..., eggs extracted with chloroform:methanol had highly elevated rates of water loss, suggesting that indeed eggs of M. sexta are waterproofed by wax. Second, rates of water loss and carbon dioxide emission from batches of eggs, measured from laying to hatching, changed in parallel over development...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (12): 1985–1991.
Published: 15 May 2004
.... Philadelphia PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Gamble, J. L., McKhann, C. F., Butler, A. M. and Tuthill, E. ( 1934 ). An economy of water in renal function referable to urea. Am. J. Physiol. 109 , 139 -154. Gowrishankar, M., Lenga, I., Cheung, R. Y., Cheema-Dhadli, S. and Halperin, M. L...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (11): 1831–1844.
Published: 1 June 2001
...Rudy M. Ortiz SUMMARY Osmoregulation in marine mammals has been investigated for over a century; however, a review of recent advances in our understanding of water and electrolyte balance and of renal function in marine mammals is warranted. The following topics are discussed: (i) kidney structure...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 157 (1): 257–271.
Published: 1 May 1991
...Andrew M. Smith ABSTRACT The decrease in hydrostatic pressure generated by octopus suckers adhering to wettable and non-wettable surfaces was measured using a flush-mounted miniature pressure transducer. The cavitation thresholds, or lowest sustainable pressures, of sea water on the same surfaces...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1989) 147 (1): 203–216.
Published: 1 November 1989
...) whether urea accumulating inside eggs might be the cause of reductions in metabolism and growth by embryos. Eggs in the first experiment were incubated in different hydric environments to induce different patterns of net water exchange between the eggs and their surroundings. Turtles hatching from eggs...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1987) 127 (1): 401–412.
Published: 1 January 1987
...Kirk Miller; Gary C. Packard; Mary J. Packard ABSTRACT Locomotor performance of hatchling snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina) was assessed while turtles were running on land and swimming in water. Hatchlings from eggs incubated on a relatively wet substrate were faster than hatchlings from eggs...