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Keywords: starling
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Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (22): 3959–3968.
Published: 15 October 2004
... technique was used to measure the energy cost of short flights in the nectarivorous Palestine sunbird Nectarinia osea (mean mass 6.17±0.16 g, N =8)and the non-nectarivorous starling Sturnus vulgaris (mean mass 70.11±1.11 g, N =9). The technique was initially calibrated in five individuals for each species...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (12): 1589–1602.
Published: 15 June 1999
...S. Ward; J. M. V. Rayner; U. Möller; D. M. Jackson; W. Nachtigall; J. R. Speakman ABSTRACT Infrared thermography was used to measure heat transfer by radiation and the surface temperature of starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris ) ( N =4) flying in a wind tunnel at 6–14 m s −1 and at 15–25 °C. Heat transfer...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1992) 164 (1): 1–18.
Published: 1 March 1992
...Andrew A. Biewener; Kenneth P. Dial; G. E. Goslow, Jr ABSTRACT Force recordings of the pectoralis muscle of European starlings have been made in vivo during level flight in a wind tunnel, based on bone strain recordings at the muscle’s attachment site on the humerus (deltopectoral crest...