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Keywords: rufous hummingbirdClose
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (14): 2515–2523.
Published: 15 July 2010
... aerodynamically active upstroke of hummingbirds lead to different patterns, we flew rufous hummingbirds ( Selasphorus rufus , 3 g body mass, 42 Hz wingbeat frequency) in a variable-speed wind tunnel (0–10 m s −1 ). We measured neuromuscular activity in the pectoralis (PECT) and supracoracoideus (SUPRA) muscles...
Includes: Supplementary data
Bret W. Tobalske, Douglas R. Warrick, Christopher J. Clark, Donald R. Powers, Tyson L. Hedrick, Gabriel A. Hyder, Andrew A. Biewener
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (13): 2368–2382.
Published: 01 July 2007
... hypothesized that other wing kinematics besides stroke-plane angle would vary in hummingbirds. To test this, we used synchronized high-speed (500 Hz) video cameras and measured the three-dimensional wing and body kinematics of rufous hummingbirds ( Selasphorus rufus , 3 g, N =5) as they flew at velocities of 0...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (8): 1345–1352.
Published: 15 March 2004
... correspondence (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ) 21 1 2004 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2004 2004 rufous hummingbird Selasphorus rufus force perch velocity kinematics flight Five female and one male rufous hummingbird (mean body mass 3.2 g; Table 1 ) were captured from the...