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Keywords: physiology
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.243548.
Published: 12 January 2022
...Fred Tremblay; Shannon Whelan; Emily S. Choy; Scott A. Hatch; Kyle H. Elliott Breeding is costly for many animals, including birds that must deliver food to a central place (i.e. nest). Measuring energy expenditure throughout the breeding season can provide valuable insights on physiological...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (22): jeb242820.
Published: 18 November 2021
... to their thermal maxima, stress response mechanisms found in these organisms are poorly understood. We used a novel physiological–proteomic approach for sponges to describe the stress response mechanisms of the lagoon-inhabiting sponge Amphimedon navalis , when exposed to elevated seawater temperatures of +2°C...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (18): jeb242529.
Published: 27 September 2021
...Jocelyn P. Colella; Danielle M. Blumstein; Matthew D. MacManes ABSTRACT Metabolism is a complex phenotype shaped by natural environmental rhythms, as well as behavioral, morphological and physiological adaptations. Metabolism has been historically studied under constant environmental conditions...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (10): jeb239350.
Published: 14 May 2021
...Ann-Kathrin Ziegler; Hannah Watson; Arne Hegemann; Richard Meitern; Virginie Canoine; Jan-Åke Nilsson; Caroline Isaksson ABSTRACT The large-scale impact of urbanization on wildlife is rather well documented; however, the mechanisms underlying the effects of urban environments on animal physiology...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (Suppl_1): jeb228031.
Published: 24 February 2021
... and predicting shifts in survival and fecundity fitness constraints can improve our ability to forecast responses to climate gradients and change. Climate change Climate extremes Energy Environmental gradient Mechanistic model Physiology Many approaches to predicting climate change responses...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (4): jeb230748.
Published: 24 February 2021
... is associated with significant physiological plasticity for growth. The goal of the current study was to measure several aspects of protein metabolism in larvae growing at different rates to understand the mechanistic basis for this physiological growth plasticity. Larvae of D. excentricus were fed rations...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (17): jeb227074.
Published: 03 September 2020
... temperature (20°C) caused decreases in paracellular permeability. Overall, our study establishes an approach to conduct further in vivo investigation of paracellular transport and suggests that changes in paracellular permeability could form an uncharacterised aspect of the physiological response of S...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (16): jeb225623.
Published: 26 August 2020
...Rachel L. Malison; Amanda G. DelVecchia; H. Arthur Woods; Brian K. Hand; Gordon Luikart; Jack A. Stanford ABSTRACT Aquatic insects cope with hypoxia and anoxia using a variety of behavioral and physiological responses. Most stoneflies (Plecoptera) occur in highly oxygenated surface waters, but some...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (6): jeb219659.
Published: 20 March 2020
..., and presumably even resource acquisition patterns as well, in accordance with their developmental pathway after cohort splitting. As a likely explanation, we propose that, because cohort splitting is a result of adaptive developmental plasticity, P. agrestis adapted physiological and behavioural mechanisms...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (6): jeb220335.
Published: 18 March 2020
...A. S. Huffmyer; S. B. Matsuda; A. R. Eggers; J. D. Lemus; R. D. Gates ABSTRACT Predicting the sensitivity of reef-building corals to disturbance, including bleaching, requires an understanding of physiological responses to stressors, which may be limited by destructive sampling and the capacity...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (12): jeb198143.
Published: 17 June 2019
...Matthew M. Guzzo; Neil J. Mochnacz; Travis Durhack; Benjamin C. Kissinger; Shaun S. Killen; Jason R. Treberg ABSTRACT Temperature is an important environmental factor influencing fish physiology that varies both spatially and temporally in ecosystems. In small north temperate zone lakes, cold water...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (10): jeb200899.
Published: 13 May 2019
... Physiology Electroretinogram Hypoxia Phototransduction is the process by which the energy from photons of light is translated into neural signals by photoreceptor cells ( Rayer et al., 1990 ). The neural signaling requires the constant depolarization and repolarization of photoreceptors...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb187005.
Published: 04 March 2019
... effects on F2 offspring, but further study is needed to understand their adaptive significance and physiological mechanisms. * Present address: Department of Animals in Science and Society, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 2, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands. ‡ Present address: Faculty...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (2): jeb160606.
Published: 25 January 2019
.... For this metabolic rate reduction to occur on a whole-body scale, molecular interactions that change the physiology of cells, tissues and organs are required, resulting in a major departure from normal mammalian homeostasis. The aim of this Review is to cover recent advances in the molecular biology of mammalian...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (11): jeb178616.
Published: 04 June 2018
... in length during postnatal life and are a useful indicator of physiological state and expected lifespan. However, much less is currently known about telomere dynamics in ectothermic vertebrates, which are likely to differ from that of endotherms, at least in part due to the sensitivity of ectotherm...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (19): 3499–3507.
Published: 01 October 2017
... found to voluntarily swing to assist with flight yaw rotation. Remote control of left–right turnings by inducing leg swings was demonstrated via a wireless electrical stimulator. Insect flight Neuromuscular stimulation Leg swing Remote radio control Physiology Electromyography...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (11): 1937–1946.
Published: 01 June 2017
... the physiological mechanisms that control the expression of these defensive traits. Here, we summarise the current literature on the mechanisms known to specifically mediate responses to predator odours, including dietary cues. Interestingly, these studies suggest that independent pathways may control predator...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (10): 1803–1811.
Published: 15 May 2017
... Physiology Red Sea Respiration Stylophora The rhythmic behavior of the mutualistic damselfish is governed by ambient light. At dawn, the fish emerge from their shelters between the coral branches and feed on drifting zooplankton until dusk ( Rickel and Genin, 2005 ). During the day, the fish...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (2): 220–226.
Published: 15 January 2017
..., as T b regulation involves the hypothalamus ( Heller et al., 1977 ; Seebacher, 2009 ), a fast adjustment to the thermal physiology of the animal can be made, as the presence of these products of fire will herald a potential reduction in food availability. The additional acute cue of food restriction...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (24): 3832–3843.
Published: 15 December 2016
... inconsistencies and lacks a sound theoretical framework. Nevertheless, experimental biologists are increasingly studying individual differences in physiology and relating these to differences in behaviour, which can lead to fascinating insights. We encourage this trend, and in this Commentary we highlight some...
Includes: Supplementary data