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Keywords: osmolyte
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (24): jeb233478.
Published: 29 December 2020
... groups of low-molecular weight cryoprotectants in intertidal invertebrates: osmolytes and anaerobic byproducts. In our study, we examined which group of candidate cryoprotectants correlate with plasticity in freeze tolerance in mussels using 1 H NMR metabolomics. We found that the freeze tolerance of M...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (18): 2969–2975.
Published: 15 September 2008
...Jon P. Costanzo; Richard E. Lee, Jr SUMMARY We tested the hypothesis that urea, an osmolyte accumulated early in hibernation, functions as a cryoprotectant in the freeze-tolerant wood frog, Rana sylvatica . Relative to saline-treated, normouremic (10 μmol ml –1 ) frogs, individuals rendered...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (22): 4203–4211.
Published: 15 November 2005
...Masatomi Hosoi; Kazuharu Takeuchi; Hideki Sawada; Haruhiko Toyohara SUMMARY Most aquatic invertebrates adapt to environmental osmotic changes primarily by the cellular osmoconforming process, in which osmolytes accumulated in their cells play an essential role. Taurine is one of the most widely...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (21): 4079–4089.
Published: 1 November 2005
...Jon P. Costanzo; Richard E. Lee, Jr SUMMARY The role of urea as a balancing osmolyte in osmotic adaptation is well known, but this `waste product' also has myriad other functions in diverse taxa. We report that urea plays an important, previously undocumented role in freezing tolerance of the wood...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2000) 203 (4): 831–839.
Published: 15 February 2000
...Marjorie L. Patrick; Timothy J. Bradley ABSTRACT In this study, we demonstrate that two of the osmolytes utilized in the osmoconforming strategy of larval Culex tarsalis are regulated by two fundamentally different signals. When the external osmolality was increased using salinity (sea salts...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (2): 465–473.
Published: 1 February 1995
... to accumulate taurine across the basolateral surface from the hemolymph plays a significant role in the intracellular regulation of this important osmolyte and may effect osmolality-dependent changes in the intracellular concentration of taurine. 12 9 1994 © The Company of Biologists Limited 1995...