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Keywords: operant conditioning
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (14): jeb205112.
Published: 16 July 2019
... environment results in the establishment of a lab-bred Lymnaea stagnalis strain with an enhanced ability to form memory as well as heightened resilience to physiological stressors. Aerial respiration Associative learning Operant conditioning Stress In order to not only survive but also...
Journal Articles
In collection:
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb191510.
Published: 8 March 2019
... fitness; thus, we measured female song preference to evaluate the role of DA in mate selection and pair-bond formation, using an operant conditioning paradigm. We found that DA acting through the D2 receptor, but not the D1 receptor, can induce a song preference in unpaired female finches...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (3): jeb190405.
Published: 4 February 2019
.... ( 1996 ). Operant conditioning of aerial respiratory behaviour in Lymnaea stagnalis . J. Exp. Biol.   199 , 683 - 691 . Lukowiak , K. , Cotter , R. , Westly , J. , Ringseis , E. and Spencer , G. ( 1998 ). Long-term memory of an operantly conditioned respiratory behaviour...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (10): jeb180521.
Published: 22 May 2018
... in memory-forming ability, possibly due to environmental factors. Invertebrate Operant conditioning Aerial respiration Learning Environmental conditions are known to influence learning and memory formation in many species. The observation that environmental enrichment results in behavioural...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (17): 3026–3038.
Published: 1 September 2017
... nervous system that encode two G-protein-coupled receptors ( Lymnaea CBr-like 1 and 2) that structurally resemble mammalian cannabinoid receptors (CBrs). We found that injection of a mammalian CBr agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN 55) into the snail before operant conditioning obstructed learning and memory...
Journal Articles
In collection:
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (13): 2387–2396.
Published: 1 July 2017
... reveals higher values for anatomical estimates but these may not be indicative of actual performance. Operant conditioning Retinal topography Visual behaviour Spatial frequency Marine signalling Spatial resolution Many coral reef fish use visual signalling for a range of behaviours...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (6): 949–959.
Published: 15 March 2015
... Summary: Learning context is a key modulator of taste in the honey bee. Gustation Learning Pavlovian conditioning Operant conditioning Negative reinforcement Apis mellifera Taste is the sense that allows animals to distinguish between chemical compounds and the sensations...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (14): 2580–2589.
Published: 15 July 2014
... © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2014 Sea turtle hearing Auditory evoked potentials Operant conditioning Behavioral audiograms There is growing concern over anthropogenic sound in the world's oceans and its potentially harmful effects on marine animals...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (1): 76–83.
Published: 1 January 2014
... here on how environmentally relevant stressors alter learning, memory and forgetting in the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis . Operant conditioning of aerial respiration causes associative learning that may lead to long-term memory (LTM) formation. However, individual ecologically relevant stressors...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (20): 3566–3576.
Published: 15 October 2012
... molluscan models ( Katz and Frost, 1995 ; Jing and Gillette, 2000 ; Marinesco and Carew, 2002 ; Marinesco et al., 2004 ). Additionally, it is necessary for the enhancement of memory formation by the presence of predator kairomones during operant conditioning in Lymnaea ( Il-Han et al., 2010...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (12): 2118–2124.
Published: 15 June 2011
... , 3603 - 3614 . Jenkins J. , Dallenbach K. ( 1924 ). Obliviscence during sleep and waking . Am. Psychol. 35 , 605 - 612 . Lukowiak K. , Ringseis E. , Spencer G. , Wildering W. , Syed N. ( 1996 ). Operant conditioning of aerial respiratory behaviour...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (2): 301–307.
Published: 15 January 2010
...M. V. Orr; K. Hittel; K. Lukowiak SUMMARY Learning and memory provide the flexibility an organism requires to respond to changing social and ecological conditions. Juvenile Lymnaea have previously been shown to have a diminished capacity to form long-term memory (LTM) following operant conditioning...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (23): 3911–3918.
Published: 1 December 2009
...M. Orr; K. Hittel; K. S. Lukowiak; J. Han; K. Lukowiak SUMMARY We found strain differences in the ability of wild Alberta Lymnaea stagnalis to form long-term memory (LTM) following operant conditioning when L. stagnalis were collected from the wild and trained in the laboratory. Lymnaea stagnalis...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (18): 3016–3025.
Published: 15 September 2009
... communication operant conditioning Songbird vocalizations have the potential to tell us much about the individuals that produce them. In some species we can assess the structure of the habitat where a bird resides based on the pitch and duration of its vocal components ( Morton, 1975 ; Hunter...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (17): 2807–2816.
Published: 1 September 2008
...Michael V. Orr; Karla Hittel; Ken Lukowiak SUMMARY We set out to determine whether the ability to form long-term memory (LTM)is influenced by laboratory rearing. We investigated the ability of four populations of Lymnaea stagnalis to form LTM following operant conditioning both in the freely...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (4): 711–721.
Published: 15 February 2006
...M. R. Lowe; G. E. Spencer SUMMARY The aim of this study was to investigate the neural basis of operant conditioning in a semi-intact preparation of the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis . Lymnaea learns, via operant conditioning, to reduce its aerial respiratory behaviour in response to an aversive...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (8): 1459–1467.
Published: 15 April 2005
... the sufficiency and necessity of the neurons comprising a CPG has been experimentally demonstrated (Syed et al., 1990 , 1992 ; McComb et al., 2003 ). aerial respiration learning and memory in vitro semiintact preparation Lymnaea operant conditioning associative learning long-lasting memory...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (8): 1525–1536.
Published: 15 April 2005
... and/or translation processes. * Author for correspondence should be addressed (e-mail: lukowiak@ucalgary.ca ) 15 2 2005 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2005 2005 Lymnaea stagnalis learning operant conditioning snail behaviour memory trace Together the results in Figs 6...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (15): 2621–2630.
Published: 1 July 2004
... network can be used to study of the effects of H 2 S on the processes of learning and memory. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: lukowiak@ucalgary.ca ) 4 5 2004 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2004 2004 hydrogen sulfide Lymnaea stagnalis operant conditioning aerial...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (13): 2097–2103.
Published: 1 July 2003
..., A., Krygier, D. and Syed, N. ( 2000a ). Operant conditioning in Lymnaea : evidence for intermediate and long-term memory. Learn. Mem. 7 , 140 -150. Lukowiak, K., Cotter, R., Westley, J., Ringseis, E., Spencer, G. and Syed, N. ( 1998 ). Long term memory of an operantly conditioned respiratory...