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Keywords: limb
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (19): jeb242988.
Published: 6 October 2021
.... To test for such mechanisms, we measured drag on models of the limbs of Chilean flamingos ( Phoenicopterus chilensis ) and measured their limb and body kinematics as they walked and waded through increasing depths of water in a zoo enclosure. Substantial drag was incurred by models of both open...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (13): 2201–2208.
Published: 1 July 2010
...David J. Ellerby; Richard L. Marsh SUMMARY Although mechanical linkages between the proximal and distal limb are present in a range of species, their functional significance is unknown. We have investigated the mechanical function of the flexor cruris lateralis pars pelvica (FCLP), flexor cruris...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (3): 487–492.
Published: 1 February 2010
...J. M. Wakeling; O. M. Blake; H. K. Chan SUMMARY The purpose of this study was to determine which features of muscle mechanics and muscle coordination affect the power output from a limb during locomotion. Eight subjects were tested while cycling at maximum exertion for 25 min on a stationary...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (4): 642–654.
Published: 15 February 2007
...Lisa M. Day; Bruce C. Jayne SUMMARY For phylogenetically diverse mammals, ranging from small rodents to large ungulates, the generalization that limb erectness increases with increased size is supported by some size-dependent scaling relationships of appendicular skeletal anatomy as well...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (22): 3945–3958.
Published: 15 October 2004
... kinematics hydrodynamics vortex ring limb foot Jumping and swimming behavior in frogs has been the focus of a number of studies with the goal of understanding both the rapid movements involved in the jump, from the perspective of muscle performance, and the biomechanical changes involved...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (20): 3507–3514.
Published: 15 September 2004
... was lower than on the level. On the level, over the range of speeds tested, total force was consistently distributed between the limbs as 57% forelimb and 43%hindlimb, similar to the weight distribution of the horses during static weight tests. On the incline, the force distribution during locomotion...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (10): 1715–1728.
Published: 15 April 2004
... braking force while the hindlimb exerts a net propulsive force. Steady speed locomotion requires that braking and propulsion of the stance limbs be equal in magnitude. We predicted that changes in body mass distribution would alter individual limb braking–propulsive force patterns and we tested...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (9): 1339–1353.
Published: 1 May 2002
... be registered by IDA of the limbs, and could not be separated from species-specific effects or the interaction with a tail. The three small mammals studied here as well as the other 11 mammalian species we studied before do not show the kind of cyclic locomotion we normally associate with endurance...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (23): 3333–3345.
Published: 1 December 1999
... of some cephalopods and marine gastropods, polychaete parapodia and onychophoran lobopodia rely entirely on musculature for shape control. The deformations of walking limbs, though still under muscular control, are strongly influenced by the nature and sequence of movement of the joints. Limbs adapted...