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Keywords: landing
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (13): jeb242263.
Published: 12 July 2021
... generate or dissipate energy based on the energetic requirements of the center of mass during non-steady-state locomotion. In order to examine contributions of the foot and its muscles to non-steady-state locomotion, we compared the energetics of the foot and ankle joint while jumping and landing before...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (3): jeb214908.
Published: 5 February 2020
...Suzanne M. Cox; Gary B. Gillis ABSTRACT Controlled landing requires preparation. Mammals and bipedal birds vary how they prepare for landing by predicting the timing and magnitude of impact from the integration of visual and non-visual information. Here, we explore how the cane toad Rhinella marina...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (15): 2410–2415.
Published: 1 August 2015
...Laura J. Ekstrom; Gary B. Gillis ABSTRACT Coordinated landing requires preparation. Muscles in the limbs important for decelerating the body should be activated prior to impact so that joints may be stiffened and limbs stabilized during landing. Moreover, because landings vary in impact force...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (20): 3742–3747.
Published: 15 October 2014
...Emanuel Azizi; Neil P. Larson; Emily M. Abbott; Nicole Danos A controlled landing, where an animal does not crash or topple, requires enough stability to allow muscles to effectively dissipate mechanical energy. Toads ( Rhinella marina ) are exemplary models for understanding the mechanics...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (2): 262–270.
Published: 15 January 2010
...C. Evangelista; P. Kraft; M. Dacke; J. Reinhard; M. V. Srinivasan SUMMARY Although landing is a crucial part of insect flight, it has attracted relatively little study. Here, we investigate, for the first time, the final moments of a honeybee's ( Apis mellifera ) landing manoeuvre. Using high-speed...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (16): 2715–2724.
Published: 15 August 2003
... contacts during locust landing and locomotion. At substrate contact, proximal leg CS contribute to very rapid motor responses supporting the body. Delays between impact-like tension changes onto the tarsus and first afferent spikes in the proximal CS were measured in middle legs, excised carefully...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (11): 1459–1463.
Published: 1 June 1999
... the way in which they use perches as locomotory substrates. In both birds and primates, the magnitudes of landing forces are smaller than those during take-off. Two explanations have been proposed; the difference is either a consequence of perch compliance or it is a strategic decision to be cautious...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (24): 3309–3316.
Published: 15 December 1998
...Patrick R. Green; Peter Cheng ABSTRACT Pigeons made 10 flights to a novel perch. Kinematic measurements of these flights were obtained from video recordings, and the forces exerted on the perch on each landing were measured. There was wide variation (20-fold range) in the kinetic energy...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (2): 435–439.
Published: 1 February 1996
...Richard H. C. Bonser; Jeremy M. V. Rayner ABSTRACT We describe the design of a force-transducing perch which measures the reaction forces of small birds taking off and landing. In common starlings, landing forces are lower than take-off forces, because the bird may decelerate prior to landing...