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Keywords: hypaxial muscleClose
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (22): 3881–3893.
Published: 15 November 2010
... hypaxial muscles contract at high bilaterally synchronous rates (up to 120 Hz) in near perfect association with rapid inward buckling visible outside the body over the anterior swim bladder. Muscle activity often showed EMG doublets that occurred within the time of a single sound pulse...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (5): 849–857.
Published: 01 March 2005
... pattern during locomotion in birds. Am. Zool. 37 , 41 -53. Brainerd, E. L. ( 1999 ). New perspectives on the evolution of lung ventilation mechanisms in vertebrates. Exp. Biol. 4 , 11 -28. Carrier, D. R. ( 1990 ). Activity of the hypaxial muscles during walking in the lizard Iguana iguana...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (13): 1953–1967.
Published: 01 July 2002
...Stephen M. Deban; David R. Carrier SUMMARY The axial muscles of terrestrial vertebrates serve two potentially conflicting functions, locomotion and lung ventilation. To differentiate the locomotor and ventilatory functions of the hypaxial muscles in mammals, we examined the locomotor...
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (11): 1979–1989.
Published: 01 June 2001
...Wallace O. Bennett; Rachel S. Simons; Elizabeth L. Brainerd SUMMARY The function of the lateral hypaxial muscles during locomotion in tetrapods is controversial. Currently, there are two hypotheses of lateral hypaxial muscle function. The first, supported by electromyographic (EMG) data from...