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Journal: Journal of Experimental Biology
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (19): 3085–3094.
Published: 01 October 2008
... tested using finite element modeling. Three-dimensional models of domesticated goat ( Capra hircus ) skulls were constructed, with variable frontal bone and frontal sinus morphology, and loaded to simulate various head-butting behaviors. In general, models with sinuses experienced higher strain energy...