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Keywords: glutathione
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (9): 1693–1700.
Published: 01 May 2017
... exogenous cortisol manipulations (versus relevant shams and controls) on the oxidative status of wild juveniles. Cortisol caused an increase in glutathione over a 2 week period and appeared to reduce glutathione over winter. Cortisol treatment did not affect oxidative stress levels or low molecular weight...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 868–875.
Published: 01 March 2017
... development time and increased the concentration of the stress neurohormone octopamine. It had no significant effect on haemocyte number, melanization rate, phenoloxidase activity, lysozyme-like activity or nodule production. Predator stress reduced haemolymph glutathione concentrations. It also increased...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (1): 96–102.
Published: 01 January 2016
... mosquitofish by ROS-induced damage to muscle proteins without affecting mitochondrial function. In a fully factorial design, we exposed mosquitofish to UV-B and no-UV-B controls in combination with exposure to N -acetylcysteine (NAC) plus no-NAC controls. We used NAC, a precursor of glutathione, as an...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (1): 73–79.
Published: 01 January 2016
... antioxidant glutathione levels and membrane resistance to ROS. We found that light melanic males (the sex undertaking offspring food provisioning) produced more ROS than darker conspecifics, but only when rearing an enlarged brood. In both sexes, light melanic individuals had also a larger pool of...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (12): 1867–1879.
Published: 01 June 2015
... responses indicate that the thioredoxin–peroxiredoxin system is possibly more frequently recruited to scavenge H 2 O 2 than the glutathione system. Isoforms of superoxide dismutase (SOD) are not ubiquitously induced in parallel, suggesting that SOD scavenging activity is sometimes sufficient. The...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (14): 2713–2721.
Published: 15 July 2013
... glutathione levels in erythrocytes among the survivors of the high paraquat (0.2 g l −1 over 7 days) group. Samples taken 3 days after the end of paraquat treatment showed no effect on the peroxidation of lipids (plasma malondialdehyde), carbonylation of proteins (in erythrocytes), parameters of plasma...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (9): 1491–1501.
Published: 01 May 2012
... selenium transport in fish. We report here the kinetic and pharmacological transport characteristics of selenite and its thiol (glutathione and l -cysteine) derivatives in primary cultures of hepatocytes and isolated enterocytes of rainbow trout. Findings from the current study suggest an apparent low...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (8): 1294–1299.
Published: 15 April 2011
... characterized by increases in the renin–angiotensin system, expression of the oxidant-producing protein Nox4, and NADPH oxidase activity; however, these increases are not correlated with increased oxidative damage or inflammation. Glutathione (GSH) is a potent reductant and a cofactor for glutathione...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (13): 2225–2233.
Published: 01 July 2010
... sulfoximine (BSO), a selective inhibitor of the synthesis of glutathione (GSH), an intracellular antioxidant. Half of the birds in the treated group, as well as in the control group, also received dietary carotenoid (lutein) supplementation. BSO treatment reduced erythrocyte GSH levels and caused oxidative...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (5): 769–774.
Published: 01 March 2010
... to control cytoplasmic metal concentrations. Transport of 65 Zn 2+ by lysosomal membrane vesicles (LMV) incubated in 1 mmol l −1 glutathione (GSH) was not significantly different from metal transport in the absence of the tripeptide. However, preloading LMV with 1 mmol l −1 α-ketoglutarate (AKG), and...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (16): 2617–2623.
Published: 15 August 2008
... activators of the energy-conserving and the detoxifying sulfide oxidation pathways respectively. In the presence of the ROS scavengers glutathione (GSH) and ascorbate, isolated lugworm mitochondria rapidly oxidized up to 100 μmoll –1 sulfide with maximal oxygen consumption rates but did not produce any ATP...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (4): 577–586.
Published: 15 February 2008
... cadmium-induced increase in basal metabolic costs are not well understood and may involve elevated detoxification costs due to the synthesis of cellular protective proteins and glutathione. We studied the short-term effects of cadmium exposure (4 h) on protein and glutathione (GSH) synthesis and...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (15): 2893–2901.
Published: 01 August 2006
...P. A. Olsvik; T. Kristensen; R. Waagbø; K.-E. Tollefsen; B. O. Rosseland; H. Toften SUMMARY The transcript levels of three genes coding for antioxidants, Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and those of two stress proteins...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (22): 4263–4271.
Published: 15 November 2005
... ) brown adipocytes were weakly stained with iNOS antibodies. Immunopositivity was localized both in the plasma membrane and the cytoplasm of brown adipocytes. interscapular brown adipose tissue inducible nitric oxide synthase nitric oxide uncoupling protein 1 cold apoptosis MnSOD glutathione...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (4): 675–685.
Published: 15 February 2003
...-dependent glutathione peroxidase activity (Se-GPX) and in total glutathione levels (GSH-eq), respectively, in hepatopancreas when compared to activity in active animals 24 h after awakening. Foot muscle Se-GPX activity was also increased 3.9-fold during estivation, whereas GSH-eq did not vary. The...