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Keywords: experimental evolution
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (12): 1946–1955.
Published: 01 June 2015
... studies and experimental evolution. Organisms that inhabit a range of pH environments (e.g. pH gradients at volcanic CO 2 seeps or in upwelling zones) have great potential for studies that identify adaptive shifts that have occurred through evolution. Comparative studies have advanced our understanding...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (17): 3122–3132.
Published: 01 September 2014
... generated starvation-resistant flies through experimental evolution to investigate the relationship between foraging behaviors and starvation resistance. Outbred populations of D. melanogaster were selected for starvation resistance over 60 generations. This selection process resulted in flies...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (24): 4542–4548.
Published: 15 December 2013
... traits and phenotypic plasticity may evolve together. In our study we subjected bulb mites (non-model, soil organisms that normally experience rather stable thermal conditions) to experimental evolution in two temperature treatments: control (24°C) and elevated (28°C). After 18 generations, we measured...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (22): 4212–4221.
Published: 15 November 2013
... selection corticosterone experimental evolution immune function trade-off trichinosis voluntary exercise wheel running A major theme in the field of ecological immunology ( Sheldon and Verhulst, 1996 ; Wikelski and Ricklefs, 2001 ; Martin et al., 2007 ) is the potential for physiological...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (10): 1740–1747.
Published: 15 May 2011
... will favor more sperm. To investigate how developmental trajectories affect the evolution of sperm production, we performed experimental evolution by directly competing alleles controlling hermaphrodite sperm count, conducted under different environmental conditions that alter development time. Results...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (3): 510–519.
Published: 01 February 2010
...: Department of Biology, California State University, San Bernardino, CA 92407, USA ‡ Author for correspondence ( tgarland@ucr.edu ) 6 10 2009 © 2010. 2010 artificial selection central limitation experimental evolution maximum metabolic rate oxygen transport peripheral limitation...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (18): 2908–2917.
Published: 15 September 2009
... 2009 artificial selection endurance exhaustion experimental evolution genetics glucose lactate locomotor activity wheel running Locomotion is vital for such activities as obtaining food, escaping from predators, and locating or courting mates (see Djawdan and Garland, 1988...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (16): 2612–2618.
Published: 15 August 2009
... for correspondence (e-mail: tgarland@ucr.edu ) 28 5 2009 2009 artificial selection exercise experimental evolution maximum metabolic rate oxygen consumption sprint speed trade-off For most animals, the ability to move through the environment is fundamental to many fitness-critical...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (7): 977–985.
Published: 01 April 2009
... and experimental evolution. J. Exp. Biol. 209 , 2344 -2361. Garland, T., Jr, Morgan, M., Swallow, J., Rhodes, J., Girard,I., Belter, J. and Carter, P. ( 2002 ). Evolution of a small-muscle polymorphism in lines of house mice selected for high activity levels. Evolution 56 , 1267 -1275. Girard, I...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (2): 238–248.
Published: 15 January 2009
... intensities for twice as long as goats ( Vock et al.,1996 ). As a complement to such comparative studies, we have used an experimental evolution approach ( Swallow and Garland,2005 ; Garland and Kelly,2006 ; Garland and Rose,2009 ). Four replicate lines of laboratory house mice ( Mus domesticus ) have...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (3): 391–400.
Published: 01 February 2008
... for correspondence (e-mail: marcin.czarnoleski@uj.edu.pl ) 20 11 2007 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2008 2008 metabolism growth rate 3/4 power law life history allometry cost of growth body size experimental evolution growth efficiency bioenergetics food consumption cell size...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (12): 2447–2458.
Published: 15 June 2005
... and they demonstrate that behavior can sometimes evolve independently of performance capacities. We also discuss the possible importance of domestication as a confounding factor to extrapolate results from this animal model to natural populations. artificial selection exercise experimental evolution locomotor...