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Keywords: escape
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (5): jeb235481.
Published: 01 March 2021
...Kiran Bhattacharyya; David L. McLean; Malcolm A. MacIver ABSTRACT Escape maneuvers are key determinants of animal survival and are under intense selection pressure. A number of escape maneuver parameters contribute to survival, including response latency, escape speed and direction. However...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (15): jeb218503.
Published: 03 August 2020
.... In order to mitigate the impacts of invasive predators on native species in different landscapes, we must understand how the prey's morphology and performance determine their survival. Here, we evaluated how phenotypic traits related to escape performance predict the probability of survival...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (6): jeb172346.
Published: 19 March 2018
... measure the kinematics of their escape behaviors. The field experiment using free-swimming yellowtail kingfish ( Seriola lalandi ) showed that the loggers trigger correctly. We suggest that this new logger can be applied to measure the burst movements of various small and agile animals. Each...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (13): 2318–2327.
Published: 01 July 2017
... of an animal's behavior in its natural environment. In this Review, we describe current knowledge – acquired through both laboratory and field studies – on the visually guided escape behavior of the crab Neohelice granulata . Analyses of the behavioral responses to visual stimuli in the laboratory have revealed...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (24): 3981–3987.
Published: 15 December 2016
...Benjamin H. Bishop; Nathan Spence-Chorman; Ethan Gahtan ABSTRACT Escape behaviors have been studied in zebrafish by neuroscientists seeking cellular-level descriptions of neural circuits but few studies have examined vertical swimming during escapes. We analyzed three-dimensional swimming paths...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (22): 3518–3531.
Published: 15 November 2016
... and kinematics in hovering. Herein, we use three-dimensional kinematic data to begin to test for similar convergence of kinematics used for escape flight and to explore the effects of body size upon manoeuvring. We studied four hummingbird species in North America including two large species (magnificent...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (8): 1172–1177.
Published: 15 April 2016
... in the brain. Yet, studies on the neural substrate that can account for interpopulation behavioural adaptations are scarce. Predation is one of the strongest driving forces for behavioural evolvability and, consequently, for shaping structural and functional brain adaptations. We analysed the escape response...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (6): 974–985.
Published: 15 March 2014
.... ( 1989 ). Hindsight and rapid escape in a freshwater Oligochaete . Biol. Bull.   177 , 363 - 371 . Earl   J. B. , Britt   S. G. ( 2006 ). Expression of Drosophila rhodopsins during photoreceptor cell differentiation: insights into R7 and R8 cell subtype commitment . Gene Expr. Patterns...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (9): 1658–1669.
Published: 01 May 2013
... © 2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2013 C-start rapid start escape fin numerical simulation bluegill sunfish hydrodynamics Recent work of Chadwell et al. ( Chadwell et al., 2012a ; Chadwell et al., 2012b ) on anal and dorsal fin kinematics during the C-start...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (7): 1255–1264.
Published: 01 April 2013
... we assessed the effect of sampling frequency (aliasing) on activity detection probability using the great sculpin ( Myoxocephalus polyacanthoceaphalus ) as a model species. Feeding strikes and escape responses (fast-start activities) and spontaneous movements among seven different great sculpin were...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (4): 671–684.
Published: 15 February 2012
... performance, because fishes use this behavior to escape from predators ( Walker et al., 2005 ). To understand the evolution of body and fin morphology across all vertebrate species, one must examine how body form and kinematics affect the underlying mechanisms of hydrodynamic force and power generation...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (20): 3358–3367.
Published: 15 October 2011
...Mana Mirjany; Thomas Preuss; Donald S. Faber SUMMARY Goldfish ( Carassius auratus ) escape responses to sudden auditory stimuli are mediated by a pair of reticulospinal neurons, the Mauthner (M-) cells, which integrate mechanosensory inputs from the inner ear and the lateral line (LL) to initiate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (20): 3368–3377.
Published: 15 October 2011
...Mana Mirjany; Donald S. Faber SUMMARY The goldfish Mauthner (M-) cells, a bilateral pair of reticulospinal neurons, initiate the auditory evoked escape behavior of teleosts. In an open field the fish reliably turns away from the sound source. This implies that the M-cells are capable of a decision...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (19): 3173–3185.
Published: 01 October 2011
...-responsiveness after injury extends to visual stimuli. Injured squid are more likely to employ crypsis than escape in response to an approaching visual stimulus shortly after injury, but initiate escape earlier and continue escape behaviors for longer when tested from 1 to 48 h after injury. Injury failed...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (9): 1560–1570.
Published: 01 May 2011
..., which are in contrast to observations at other synapses, and the two-component depression suggest atypical release properties at the output synapses of the Mauthner cell, which triggers an escape behavior. We suggest that the second component of depression provides an additional safety factor to prevent...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (3): 452–461.
Published: 01 February 2011
... recorded in vivo muscular mechanical power from work-loop mechanics using surgically implanted sonomicrometry (measuring muscle length change) and strain gauges (measuring muscle force) in four species of Corvidae performing burst take-off and vertical escape flight. The scale relationships derived...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (13): 2294–2302.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Yoshichika Baba; Akira Tsukada; Christopher M. Comer SUMMARY Cockroaches were observed with videographic methods as escape running was initiated, but with obstacles in the path of their run. The goal was to determine the repertoire of possible responses to obstacles and the sensory cues used...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (4): 613–620.
Published: 15 February 2010
...A. K. Greenwood; C. L. Peichel; S. J. Zottoli SUMMARY Despite the key function of the Mauthner cells (M-cells) in initiating escape responses and thereby promoting survival, there are multiple examples of M-cell loss across the teleost phylogeny. Only a few studies have directly considered...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (9): 1355–1361.
Published: 01 May 2008
... are inhibited during Non-G-mediated `swimming' that follows the initial tail-flip of an escape response ( Kramer and Krasne, 1984 ; Wine,1984 ). Since juvenile crayfish use only two different escape strategies (tail-flip or stop) in response to moving shadows, we decided to analyze possible factors...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (4): 555–562.
Published: 15 February 2008
... triggered by bat echolocation detected by the mantis ultrasound-sensitive auditory system, and (2) `last-ditch' maneuvers triggered by bat-generated wind detected by the mantis cercal system. Hearing mantids escaped more often than deafened mantids (76% vs 34%, respectively; hearing conveyed 42%advantage...