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Keywords: defensive behavior
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (19): jeb228874.
Published: 9 October 2020
... of stimulation. To reveal the neuronal mechanisms underlying this defensive behavior, the effect of brain biogenic amines on the responses to tactile stimuli were investigated. The levels of octopamine (OA), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5HT) in the brain were significantly elevated in ants that responded...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (11): 1797–1802.
Published: 1 June 2010
.... * Author for correspondence ( bruce_young@uml.edu ) 10 2 2010 © 2010. 2010 defensive behavior kinematics sensory integration snake Multiple species of Asiatic and African cobras have evolved the ability to ‘spit’ venom ( Bogert, 1943 ). The venom, which is expelled via...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (20): 3483–3494.
Published: 15 September 2004
... in the distal portion of the venom delivery system near the fang sheath. Snakes exhibit a wide range of passive and active defensive behaviors (for reviews, see Carpenter and Ferguson,1977 ; Greene,1988 ). A specialized active defensive behavior, the ability to spit venom at a harasser or potential...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (3): 649–659.
Published: 1 February 1997
... insect hearing Cicindelidae tiger beetle Cicindela marutha bat evasion ultrasound startle response defensive behavior The broad range of insects with ultrasonic hearing in the range 30–60 kHz attests to the ecological pressure exerted on them by echolocating, insectivorous bats (reviewed...