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Keywords: computational fluid dynamics
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (15): jeb192518.
Published: 09 August 2019
... mixing. Soft corals Xeniidae Biomechanics Computational fluid dynamics Lagrangian particle tracking Flow is important to all aspects of life in the benthos, including feeding, respiration and reproduction ( Nowell and Jumars, 1984 ). Benthic organisms, however, must cope with benthic...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (9): 1729–1736.
Published: 01 May 2017
... condition. The quantification of joint kinetics during underwater movements rests on a new approach integrating computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and inverse dynamics modeling. The methodology involved four steps. First, 3D upper limb joint kinematics was recorded by automatically tracking...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (23): 3759–3772.
Published: 01 December 2016
...-5193(87)80201-1 Cheer , A. , Cheung , S. , Hung , T.-C. , Piedrahita , R. H. and Sanderson , S. L. ( 2012 ). Computational fluid dynamics of fish gill rakers during crossflow filtration . Bull Math Biol.   74 , 981 - 1000 . 10.1007/s11538-011-9709-6 Childs , H...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (15): 2394–2401.
Published: 01 August 2015
...-conditioning performance. Furthermore, the maxillary sinus (MS), an accessory hollow communicating with the nasal cavity, is found in macaques, whereas it is absent in most other extant Old World monkeys, including savanna monkeys. In this study, we used computational fluid dynamics simulations to simulate...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (22): 4015–4033.
Published: 15 November 2012
.... ( 1996 ). A computational fluid dynamics study of tadpole swimming . J. Exp. Biol.   199 , 1245 - 1260 . Liu   H. , Wassersug   R. , Kawachi   K. ( 1997 ). The three-dimensional hydrodynamics of tadpole locomotion . J. Exp. Biol.   200 , 2807 - 2819 . McHenry   M. J...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (11): 1911–1921.
Published: 01 June 2011
... . Hydrobiologia 247 , 141 - 161 . * Author for correspondence ( lam9@email.unc.edu ) 6 2 2011 © 2011. 2011 jellyfish biomechanics computational fluid dynamics feeding current mathematical model The genus Cassiopea of the phylum Cnidaria contains jellyfish found...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (3): 476–486.
Published: 01 February 2011
... of various types of jumps, we computed the imposed flow fields and associated energetics of jumps by means of computational fluid dynamics simulations by modeling the copepod as a self-propelled body. The computational fluid dynamics simulation was validated by particle image velocimetry data. The flow field...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (22): 3819–3831.
Published: 15 November 2010
... towards a wall. These measurements, combined with computational fluid dynamics models, were used to estimate the stimulus to the lateral line system of the fish. Our results showed that there was a high-pressure region around the nose of the fish, low-pressure regions corresponding to accelerated flow...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (22): 3832–3842.
Published: 15 November 2010
... their lateral line sensory system. Hence the fish are able to build hydrodynamic images of their surroundings. This study measured the flow fields around blind cave fish using particle image velocimetry (PIV) as they swam parallel to a wall. Computational fluid dynamics models were also used to calculate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (19): 3076–3090.
Published: 01 October 2009
... during the fling can be reduced by about 50%. In some instances, the net lift forces generated are also improved relative to the rigid wing case. * Author for correspondence( lam9@email.unc.edu ) 9 6 2009 2009 biomechanics computational fluid dynamics immersed boundary method...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (16): 2656–2667.
Published: 15 August 2009
... OF ABBREVIATIONS A total excursion of bell margin ALE arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian C D drag coefficient C DF skin friction drag coefficient C DP thrust coefficient C P power coefficient CFD computational fluid dynamic D max maximum bell diameter...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (10): 1494–1505.
Published: 15 May 2009
...Mark A. Rapo; Houshuo Jiang; Mark A. Grosenbaugh; Sheryl Coombs SUMMARY This paper presents the first computational fluid dynamics (CFD)simulations of viscous flow due to a small sphere vibrating near a fish, a configuration that is frequently used for experiments on dipole source localization...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (2): 195–212.
Published: 15 January 2005
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (17): 3073–3088.
Published: 01 August 2004
...Laura A. Miller; Charles S. Peskin SUMMARY We have used computational fluid dynamics to study changes in lift generation and vortex dynamics for Reynolds numbers ( Re ) between 8 and 128. The immersed boundary method was used to model a two-dimensional wing through one stroke cycle. We calculated...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (7): 1137–1150.
Published: 01 March 2004
... of the half-stroke are due to the delayed stall mechanism. flapping wing insect computational fluid dynamics unsteady aerodynamics delayed stall force coefficients It has been shown that conventional aerodynamic theory, which was based on steady flow conditions, cannot explain the generation...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (3): 449–460.
Published: 22 January 2004
... is dimensionally independent. In such cases,the 2D unsteady forces turn out to be good approximations of 3D experiments. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: jane.wang@cornell.edu ) 3 10 2003 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2004 2004 insect flight computational fluid dynamics...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (17): 3065–3083.
Published: 01 September 2003
...Mao Sun; Jiang Hao Wu SUMMARY Aerodynamic force generation and power requirements in forward flight in a fruit fly with modeled wing motion were studied using the method of computational fluid dynamics. The Navier-Stokes equations were solved numerically. The solution provided the flow velocity...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (16): 2413–2427.
Published: 15 August 2002
...Mao Sun; Jian Tang SUMMARY The lift and power requirements for hovering flight in Drosophila virilis were studied using the method of computational fluid dynamics. The Navier-Stokes equations were solved numerically. The solution provided the flow velocity and pressure fields, from which...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (1): 55–70.
Published: 01 January 2002
...Mao Sun; Jian Tang SUMMARY A computational fluid-dynamic analysis was conducted to study the unsteady aerodynamics of a model fruit fly wing. The wing performs an idealized flapping motion that emulates the wing motion of a fruit fly in normal hovering flight. The Navier–Stokes equations are solved...