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Keywords: climbing
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (19): jeb226266.
Published: 07 October 2020
..., the insect was released through an entrance (diameter 2 cm) at the center of the arena floor, and was observed from above ( Movie 1 ). Three temporal landmarks were recorded: (1) entrance into the arena; (2) moment of arrival at the arena's wall; and (3) initiation of climbing. The insect's directional...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (14): jeb220319.
Published: 30 July 2020
... and orientation on locomotion, statistical comparisons were made using all four kinematic variables but without grouping them into identified gait patterns (progressive, non-progressive). Horizontal crawling was significantly dependent on the substrate ( F 1,149 =3.231, P= 0.0004). Vertical climbing also...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (13): jeb173856.
Published: 01 July 2018
... , H. , Barnes , W. J. , Dai , Z. and Sitti , M. ( 2017 ). The use of clamping grips and friction pads by tree frogs for climbing curved surfaces . Proc. Biol. Sci.   284 , 20162867 . 10.1098/rspb.2016.2867 Full , R. J. and Tu , M. S. ( 1991 ). Mechanics of a rapid...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3978–3986.
Published: 01 December 2015
... undulation on the most surfaces, including a vertical cylinder with pegs only 1 mm high. Overall, B. constrictor was the slowest and used the most concertina locomotion, but this species climbed steep, smooth surfaces faster than P. guttatus . Our results illustrate how morphology and two different aspects...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (22): 3678–3688.
Published: 01 November 2015
... in wind tunnels with limited maneuvering, and without analysis of echolocation behavior. In this study, we engaged insectivorous big brown bats in a task requiring simultaneous turning and climbing flight, and used synchronized high-speed motion-tracking cameras and audio recordings to quantify...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (3): 340–352.
Published: 01 February 2015
... of three stick insect species with different body proportions, but similar feeding ecology: Carausius morosus, Aretaon asperrimus and Medauroidea extradentata (= Cuniculina impigra ). In order to co-vary locomotory context, we introduced a gradually increasing demand for climbing by varying the height...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (18): 3242–3253.
Published: 15 September 2014
... and tethered walking animals on horizontal surfaces. Here, we investigate the efficiency of this mechanism in spatial limb co-ordination of unrestrained climbing animals. For this, we recorded whole-body kinematics of freely climbing stick insects and analysed foot placement in 3D space. We found that touch...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (13): 2288–2300.
Published: 01 July 2012
..., USA 31 12 2011 17 3 2012 © 2012. 2012 locomotion arboreal kinematics lizard running climbing Locomotion is essential to an animal's survival and success, and is integral to activities such as evading predators and finding suitable mates, prey and habitat...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (15): 2544–2559.
Published: 01 August 2011
..., however, exhibits greater limb protraction angles on 30 deg inclines than during horizontal locomotion ( Lammers et al., 2006 ). Despite this large amount of data pertaining to movements on inclined substrates, climbing definitions are exclusively theoretical ( Cartmill, 1985 ; Hunt et al., 1996...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (10): 1455–1462.
Published: 15 May 2009
...-bodied larval stage of Manduca sexta . We found that crawling and climbing are accomplished using the same movements,with both segment timing and proleg lift indistinguishable in horizontal and vertical locomotion. Minor differences were detected in stride length and in the delay between crawls, which...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (21): 3862–3872.
Published: 01 November 2007
... Locomotion (ed. F. A. Jenkins Jr), pp. 45 -83. New York: Academic Press. Cartmill, M. ( 1979 ). The volar skin of primates: its frictional characteristics and their functional significance. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 50 , 497 -510. Cartmill, M. ( 1985 ). Climbing. In Functional Vertebrate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (15): 2990–3000.
Published: 01 August 2006
...Daniel I. Goldman; Tao S. Chen; Daniel M. Dudek; Robert J. Full SUMMARY Rapid, vertically climbing cockroaches produced climbing dynamics similar to geckos, despite differences in attachment mechanism, `foot or toe'morphology and leg number. Given the common pattern in such diverse species,we...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (2): 260–272.
Published: 15 January 2006
...K. Autumn; S. T. Hsieh; D. M. Dudek; J. Chen; C. Chitaphan; R. J. Full SUMMARY Geckos with adhesive toe pads rapidly climb even smooth vertical surfaces. We challenged geckos ( Hemidactylus garnotii ) to climb up a smooth vertical track that contained a force platform. Geckos climbed vertically...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (8): 1097–1113.
Published: 15 April 2002
..., and (ii) climbing on vertical (plant) surfaces. Contact angle measurements at the underside of the tarsi have revealed that, irrespective of tarsus width, all the investigated species are well supported by the surface of water while walking on it. The main selective demands driving the widening...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 155 (1): 103–125.
Published: 01 January 1991
...GAVIN HANNA; W. JON; W. P. JON BARNES The mechanisms by which the toe pads of tree frogs adhere to and detach from surfaces during climbing have been studied in Osteopilus septentrionalis and other tree frogs using a variety of techniques. The experiments on attachment lend general support...