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Keywords: cicada
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (24): 4079–4083.
Published: 15 December 2009
...J. F. C. Windmill; J. Sueur; D. Robert SUMMARY Female cicadas use sound when they select a mate from a chorus of singing males. The cicada has a tympanal ear; and the tympanal membrane, and constituent tympanal ridge, act as both acousto-mechanical transducers and frequency filters. The tympanal...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (19): 3148–3155.
Published: 1 October 2009
...Mingxia Sun; Gregory S. Watson; Yongmei Zheng; Jolanta A. Watson; Aiping Liang SUMMARY This study has investigated the wettability of forewings of 15 species of cicadas, with distinctly different wetting properties related to their nanostructures. The wing surfaces exhibited hydrophilic or weak...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (15): 2379–2387.
Published: 1 August 2008
...Jérôme Sueur; James F. C. Windmill; Daniel Robert SUMMARY In cicadas, the tympanum is anatomically intricate and employs complex vibrations as a mechanism for auditory frequency analysis. Using microscanning laser Doppler vibrometry, the tympanal mechanics of Cicada orni can be characterized...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (10): 1834–1845.
Published: 15 May 2007
...P. J. Fonseca; T. Correia SUMMARY The effects of temperature on hearing in the cicada Tettigetta josei were studied. The activity of the auditory nerve and the responses of auditory interneurons to stimuli of different frequencies and intensities were recorded at different temperatures ranging from...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (20): 4115–4128.
Published: 15 October 2006
...Jérôme Sueur; James F. C. Windmill; Daniel Robert SUMMARY Cicadas are known to use sound to find a mate. While the mechanism employed by male cicadas to generate loud calling songs has been described in detail,little information exists to explain how their ears work. Using microscanning laser...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (17): 3035–3042.
Published: 1 August 2004
...F. Song; K. L. Lee; A. K. Soh; F. Zhu; Y. L. Bai SUMMARY Detailed investigations on the structural and mechanical properties of the forewing of the cicada were carried out. Measurement of the structures of the wings showed that the thickness of the membrane of each cell and the diameter of each...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (23): 3347–3357.
Published: 1 December 1999
.... C. ( 1997 ). Tymbal mechanics and the control of song frequency in the cicada Cyclochila australasiae . J. Exp. Biol. 200 , 1681 – 1694 . 10.1242/jeb.200.11.1681 Bennet-Clark , H. C. ( 1998 ). Size and scale effects as constraints in insect sound communication . Phil...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (13): 1803–1817.
Published: 1 July 1999
...: Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA 31 03 1999 08 06 1999 © 1999 by Company of Biologists 1999 cicada Cyclochila australasiae tymbal energy storage transduction sound radiation Cicadas produce sound...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (5): 717–730.
Published: 1 March 1998
...P. J. Fonseca; H. C. Bennet-Clark ABSTRACT The type 1 echeme of the song of the small European cicada Tympanistalna gastrica consists of a pair of loud IN–OUT pulses followed by a train of soft IN–OUT pulses. In all nine insects investigated, the right and left tymbals buckled inwards and outwards...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (5): 701–715.
Published: 1 March 1998
...-mail: [email protected] 26 12 1997 5 2 1998 © The Company of Biologists Limited 1998 cicada Cystosoma saundersii resonance bioacoustics sound radiation frequency control Sound is produced in male cicadas by the rapid buckling of paired tymbals situated...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (11): 1681–1694.
Published: 1 June 1997
... at the University of Melbourne, Australia. 15 03 1997 © The Company of Biologists Limited 1997 insect song cicada Cyclochila australasiae resonance energy storage biomechanics Many cicadas, such as the Australian species Cyclochila australasiae , produce piercingly loud...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (7): 1535–1544.
Published: 1 July 1996
...P. J. Fonseca; R. M. Hennig ABSTRACT The effect of tensor muscle contraction on sound production by the tymbal was investigated in three species of cicadas ( Tettigetta josei, Tettigetta argentata and Tympanistalna gastrica ). All species showed a strict time correlation between the activity...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (4): 1001–1020.
Published: 1 April 1995
.... These resonances occur in sealed cicadas and those in which the abdominal air sac has been opened at both its anterior and posterior ends, which shows that the resonances are not due to the air sac; the tymbal itself is a resonant system. The maximum amplitude of tymbal vibration occurs at the V-shaped dimples...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1994) 191 (1): 291–294.
Published: 1 June 1994
...H. C. Bennet-Clark; D. Young ABSTRACT In male cicadas, sound is generated by a pair of tymbals on the abdomen ( Pringle, 1954 ). The tymbals buckle inwards causing pressure changes in the abdominal cavity, from which sound is radiated through the tympana ( Young, 1990 ). A recent model of sound...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1994) 187 (1): 33–44.
Published: 1 February 1994
...R. M. Hennig; T. Weber; T. E. Moore; F. Huber; H.-U. Kleindienst; A. V. Popov ABSTRACT The calling song and the disturbance squawk of the cicada Tibicen linnei (Insecta: Homoptera) are described in terms of their physical parameters. The calling song is composed of quiet parts, which are very...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1994) 187 (1): 45–55.
Published: 1 February 1994
...R. M. Hennig; T. Weber; F. Huber; H.-U. Kleindienst; T. E. Moore; A. V. Popov ABSTRACT The hearing sensitivity in singing cicadas is reduced during sound production by a folding of the tympanal membranes. Using electrophysiological recording and nerve stimulation techniques, we have shown an effect...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1992) 173 (1): 123–153.
Published: 1 December 1992
...H. C. Bennet-Clark; D. Young ABSTRACT Dried cicada bodies of the species Cyclochila australasiae and model cicadas made from a miniature earphone driving a plastic cavity were used to study the acoustics of sound production in male cicadas. A model cicada with shape and dimensions similar to those...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 159 (1): 269–283.
Published: 1 September 1991
...NEIL F. HADLEY; MICHAEL C. QUINLAN; MICHAEL L. KENNEDY Using plant xylem water for evaporative cooling, the desert cicada Diceroprocta apache can maintain a body temperature as much as 5°C below ambient ( T a =42°C). Simultaneous measurements of water loss and gas exchange for cicadas feeding...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1990) 151 (1): 41–56.
Published: 1 July 1990
...David Young ABSTRACT Sound output was investigated in males of two cicada species, Cyclochila australasiae Donovan and Macrotristria angularis Ståhl. These are large insects, about 4·5 cm in length, with a typical arrangement of sound-producing organs. Songs produced by both species consist...