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Keywords: central pattern generator
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (20): jeb228114.
Published: 26 October 2020
... of Drosophila walking direction . Science   344 , 97 - 101 . 10.1126/science.1249964 Blitz , D. M. and Nusbaum , M. P. ( 2008 ). State-dependent presynaptic inhibition regulates central pattern generator feedback to descending inputs . J. Neurosci.   28 , 9564 - 9574 . 10.1523...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (8): jeb195388.
Published: 26 April 2019
...Stav Talal; Amir Ayali; Eran Gefen ABSTRACT Large insects actively ventilate their tracheal system even at rest, using abdominal pumping movements, which are controlled by a central pattern generator (CPG) in the thoracic ganglia. We studied the effects of respiratory gases on the ventilatory...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb199190.
Published: 01 March 2019
...Dahlia Kushinsky; Ekaterina O. Morozova; Eve Marder ABSTRACT The heart and pyloric rhythms of crustaceans have been studied separately and extensively over many years. Local and hormonal neuromodulation and sensory inputs into these central pattern generator circuits play a significant role in an...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (7): jeb175687.
Published: 29 March 2018
... ; Briggman and Kristan, 2006 ; Lamb and Calabrese, 2011 ; Wagenaar, 2015 ). Feeding Serotonin Dopamine Central pattern generator Decision making Neuromodulation Summary: Blood feeding is a signature activity of the medicinal leech. The presence and characteristics of the stomatogastric...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (6): jeb174722.
Published: 15 March 2018
... Nicolson, 2004 ). Orthopterans (and also Blattodea to some extent) have been used extensively for studies of the neural control of ventilatory motor activity. Early studies focused on the ventilatory central pattern generator (CPG) and its coordination with spiracle activity in locusts (reviewed in...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (7): 1233–1244.
Published: 01 April 2017
.... Augmentation Facilitation Central pattern generator Neuromuscular junction Rhythmic behaviors are generated by the activity of multifunctional neural circuits (central pattern generators: CPGs). Higher order central nervous system inputs, sensory inputs and hormones alter the output of CPG circuits...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 856–867.
Published: 01 March 2017
... key nucleus of the hindbrain vocal circuit accompany call pattern divergence during speciation in African clawed frogs. Central pattern generator Vocalization Communication Xenopus Evolution Motor References Albersheim-Carter , J. , Blubaum , A. , Ballagh , I. H...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (2): 227–236.
Published: 15 January 2017
... between free and fictive locomotor dynamics revealed very similar swimming frequencies for similarly sized animals, including a comparable developmental decrease of the swimming frequency. Body morphology and the motor output rhythm of the spinal central pattern generator therefore develop concurrently...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (8): 1110–1121.
Published: 15 April 2016
...Géraldine von Uckermann; François M. Lambert; Denis Combes; Hans Straka; John Simmers ABSTRACT During swimming in the amphibian Xenopus laevis , efference copies of rhythmic locomotor commands produced by the spinal central pattern generator (CPG) can drive extraocular motor output appropriate for...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3950–3961.
Published: 01 December 2015
... gastric mill (chewing) and pyloric (filtering of food) central pattern generators. In vitro , the pyloric rhythm is stereotyped with little variation, but inter-circuit interactions and neuromodulation can alter both rhythm cycle frequency and structure. The range of variation of activity in vivo is, with...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (18): 2905–2917.
Published: 01 September 2015
... generator Neuromodulation Peptide It is now well established that central pattern generators, although they are anatomically ‘hard-wired’, are functionally flexible; they are capable of generating multiple motor outputs under the influence of a wide variety of neuromodulators (e.g. Blitz and...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (18): 2892–2904.
Published: 01 September 2015
... modulates cardiac activity, suggesting high isoform specificity of the pyrokinin receptor(s) in this tissue. Central pattern generator Neuromodulation Neuropeptide The central pattern generator (CPG)-effector systems of invertebrates have previously and continue to provide valuable...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (2): 285–297.
Published: 15 January 2015
... financial interests. 19 8 2014 17 11 2014 © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2015 Central pattern generator Intersegmental coordination Locomotion Leg perturbation Phase oscillators Cockroaches are renowned for their ability to maintain dynamic stability...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (24): 4423–4431.
Published: 15 December 2014
... interests. 3 7 2014 12 11 2014 © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2014 Neuromodulation Central pattern generator cGMP signaling cAMP signaling l -arginine The free radical nitric oxide (NO) is now well known to function as a neuromodulator that affects...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (19): 3394–3402.
Published: 01 October 2012
.... Results from neurophysiological recordings indicate that there may be a central pattern generator (CPG) within the ventricular ganglia regulated by descending inhibition, and the addition of Scg-AST-6 dose-dependently modulates this ventricular ganglion CPG. This work provides a comprehensive picture of...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (17): 3028–3036.
Published: 01 September 2012
... to generate crawling. * Author for correspondence ( crisp@stolaf.edu ) 8 12 2011 2 5 2012 © 2012. 2012 cAMP calcium-dependent potassium conductance central pattern generator Dopamine (DA) is known to play an impressive and universal role in the control of animal...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (11): 1884–1891.
Published: 01 June 2012
... A. ( 2009 ). Sensory feedback induced by front-leg stepping entrains the activity of central pattern generators in caudal segments of the stick insect walking system . J. Neurosci. 29 , 2972 – 2983 . Büschges A. , Akay T. , Gabriel J. P. , Schmidt J. ( 2008...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (3): 435–441.
Published: 01 February 2012
... University Avenue, Riverside, CA 92521, USA † Author for correspondence ( thigham@ucr.edu ) 24 10 2011 © 2012. 2012 tail autotomy leopard gecko central pattern generator lizard predator avoidance Autotomy is the loss of an appendage (in whole, or part thereof) in response...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (13): 2266–2272.
Published: 01 July 2010
... ) 15 3 2010 © 2010. 2010 mastication central pattern generator motor behavior rhythm Mastication, like locomotion and respiration, is a rhythmic behavior found among many if not most mammalian species. According to neurophysiological investigators, the rhythm is produced by a...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (7): 1182–1194.
Published: 01 April 2010
... fashion. * Present address: Department of Pharmacology, Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA † Author for correspondence ( mark.miller@upr.edu ) 8 12 2009 © 2010. 2010 central pattern generator driver potential bursting B67 conditional synchrony...