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Keywords: central pattern generator
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (16): jeb245716.
Published: 24 August 2023
... was observed in unparasitized caterpillars given the same treatment. Our results suggest that the reduced feeding in parasitized caterpillars is not due to damage to the central pattern generator (CPG) for chewing, motor nerves or chewing muscles, but is more likely to be due to a suppression of chewing CPG...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (20): jeb228114.
Published: 26 October 2020
... of Biologists Ltd 2020 http://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Summary: Co-stimulating both copies of an identified modulatory projection neuron at the same combined firing rate used for single copy stimulation results in different microcircuit output. Central pattern generator...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (8): jeb195388.
Published: 26 April 2019
...Stav Talal; Amir Ayali; Eran Gefen ABSTRACT Large insects actively ventilate their tracheal system even at rest, using abdominal pumping movements, which are controlled by a central pattern generator (CPG) in the thoracic ganglia. We studied the effects of respiratory gases on the ventilatory...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb199190.
Published: 1 March 2019
...Dahlia Kushinsky; Ekaterina O. Morozova; Eve Marder ABSTRACT The heart and pyloric rhythms of crustaceans have been studied separately and extensively over many years. Local and hormonal neuromodulation and sensory inputs into these central pattern generator circuits play a significant role...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (7): jeb175687.
Published: 29 March 2018
... activity of the medicinal leech. The presence and characteristics of the stomatogastric nervous system, vital for feeding, are reported here for the first time. Feeding Serotonin Dopamine Central pattern generator Decision making Neuromodulation For many decades, the European medicinal...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (6): jeb174722.
Published: 15 March 2018
... ventilation motor patterns that could explain the mechanistic basis of discontinuous gas exchange cycles in locusts. Tracheal system Insects Active ventilation Spiracles Electromyogram Central pattern generator Discontinuous gas exchange (DGE) has been the most studied gas exchange pattern...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (7): 1233–1244.
Published: 1 April 2017
... Fioravante , D. and Regehr , W. G. ( 2011 ). Short-term forms of presynaptic plasticity . Curr. Opin. Neurobiol.   21 , 269 - 274 . 10.1016/j.conb.2011.02.003 Fort , T. J. , Brezina , V. and Miller , M. W. ( 2004 ). Modulation of an integrated central pattern generator...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 856–867.
Published: 1 March 2017
... of the hindbrain vocal circuit accompany call pattern divergence during speciation in African clawed frogs. Central pattern generator Vocalization Communication Xenopus Evolution Motor The complex temporal dynamics of motor patterns arise from finely tuned circuits in the central nervous...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (2): 227–236.
Published: 15 January 2017
... between free and fictive locomotor dynamics revealed very similar swimming frequencies for similarly sized animals, including a comparable developmental decrease of the swimming frequency. Body morphology and the motor output rhythm of the spinal central pattern generator therefore develop concurrently...
Includes: Supplementary data
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Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (8): 1110–1121.
Published: 15 April 2016
...Géraldine von Uckermann; François M. Lambert; Denis Combes; Hans Straka; John Simmers ABSTRACT During swimming in the amphibian Xenopus laevis , efference copies of rhythmic locomotor commands produced by the spinal central pattern generator (CPG) can drive extraocular motor output appropriate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3950–3961.
Published: 1 December 2015
... mill rhythms, but are overshadowed by substantial variability and occluded by sensory influences, which alter motor pattern structure. Central pattern generator Circadian Crustacean Motor pattern Neuromodulation Stomatogastric ganglion Neural networks that produce rhythmic motor...
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (2): 285–297.
Published: 15 January 2015
... measured in both species ( Borgmann et al., 2009 ; Fuchs et al., 2012 ). Inter-leg coordination during locomotion may be achieved by connections between central pattern generator (CPG) networks controlling each leg, by inter-leg afferent signals, and by mechanical coupling among legs during stance...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (24): 4423–4431.
Published: 15 December 2014
... 7 2014 12 11 2014 © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2014 Neuromodulation Central pattern generator cGMP signaling cAMP signaling l -arginine The free radical nitric oxide (NO) is now well known to function as a neuromodulator that affects neural...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (19): 3394–3402.
Published: 1 October 2012
.... Results from neurophysiological recordings indicate that there may be a central pattern generator (CPG) within the ventricular ganglia regulated by descending inhibition, and the addition of Scg-AST-6 dose-dependently modulates this ventricular ganglion CPG. This work provides a comprehensive picture...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (17): 3028–3036.
Published: 1 September 2012
...   L. J. ( 1984 ). Differentiation of the neural pathways mediating cortically induced and dopaminergic activation of the central pattern generator (CPG) for rhythmical jaw movements in the anesthetized guinea pig . Brain Res.   323 , 297 - 301 . Clemens   S. , Katz   P. S. ( 2003...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (11): 1884–1891.
Published: 1 June 2012
...-related information in a manner that strengthens the inherent rhythmic pattern and modulates local perturbations. * Author for correspondence ( [email protected] ) 13 2 2012 © 2012. 2012 central pattern generator frequency entrainment intersegmental coordination locomotion...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (13): 2266–2272.
Published: 1 July 2010
... CI confidence interval CPG central pattern generator CRG central rhythm generator CTN central timing network L j jaw length M b body mass M j jaw mass N c number of chewing cycles N f number of frames s.d. standard deviation...