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J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (18): 3551–3563.
Published: 15 September 2013
... in force production during take-off has never been explored. Focusing on the first downstroke, we have addressed this problem from a force balance perspective in butterflies taking off from the ground. In order to determine whether the sole aerodynamic wing force could explain the observed motion...
Includes: Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (1991) 156 (1): 249–265.
Published: 1 March 1991
...F. REED HAINSWORTH; ELIZABETH PRECUP; TRACY HAMILL Volume and energy ingestion rates, meal sizes (intakes to satiation) and meal frequencies were measured for previously unfed adult painted lady butterflies ( Vanessa cardui L.) fed sucrose solutions or nectar from Lantana camera flowers...
J Exp Biol (1990) 154 (1): 31–43.
Published: 1 November 1990
...BERND HEINRICH Various kinds of butterflies raise both (or sometimes one) of their pairs of wings while basking with their body at approximately right angles to the incident solar radiation and with their wings held at an acute angle to the incident sunlight. I here test the effects of wing posture...
J Exp Biol (1990) 150 (1): 37–53.
Published: 1 May 1990
...ROBERT DUDLEY Wing and body kinematics of free cruising flight are described for 37 species of Panamanian butterflies ranging over two orders of magnitude in body mass. Butterflies exhibit considerable diversity in body and wing shape, but morphological design is, in general, isometric. Wing...
J Exp Biol (1988) 138 (1): 271–288.
Published: 1 September 1988
...C. R. BETTS; R. J. WOOTTON Representatives of six butterfly species, flying freely in the field or in simulated field conditions, were filmed with a high-speed ciné camera and subjected to kinematic and morphometric analysis. This is the first detailed investigation on an insect performing...