1-18 of 18
Keywords: bone strain
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (21): 3873–3877.
Published: 1 November 2017
... ( Young and Blob, 2015 ). To test this proposal, we compared in vivo bone strains between terrestrial walking and swimming for the femur of semi-aquatic slider turtles, Trachemys scripta ( Young and Blob, 2015 ). Turtles are advantageous models for these comparisons because the fusion of the vertebrae...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (15): 2616–2630.
Published: 1 August 2011
... ( Tupinambus merianae ) using three-dimensional measurements of the ground reaction force and hindlimb kinematics, in vivo bone strains and femoral mechanical properties. Peak bending stresses experienced by the femur were low (tensile: 10.4±1.1 MPa; compressive: –17.4±0.9 MPa) and comparable to those in other...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (15): 2631–2640.
Published: 1 August 2011
... of the Virginia opossum ( Didelphis virginiana ), a marsupial that uses more crouched limb posture than most mammals from which bone strains have been recorded, and which belongs to a clade phylogenetically between reptiles and the eutherian mammals studied previously. The presence of substantial torsion...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (4): 572–584.
Published: 15 February 2010
... ). In vivo bone strain as an indicator of masticatory bite force in Macaca fascicularis . Arch. Oral Biol. 31 , 149 - 157 . Inoue T. , Kato T. , Masuda Y. , Nakamura T. , Kawamura Y. , Morimoto T. ( 1989 ). Modifications of masticatory behavior after trigeminal...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (15): 2397–2407.
Published: 1 August 2008
... to differences in the load magnitudes resulting from each study. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: rblob@clemson.edu ) 15 5 2008 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2008 2008 locomotion biomechanics bone strain safety factor turtle The morphology and structural design...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (7): 1148–1162.
Published: 1 April 2008
... in vivo bone strains in the radius and metacarpus of juvenile goats performing a variety of natural behaviors in an outdoor arena and compared these strain magnitudes and loading patterns with those measured during steady-state treadmill locomotion. We sought to test two hypotheses:our first hypothesis...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (15): 2676–2690.
Published: 1 August 2007
... in size and mass during ontogeny. The goal of this study was to examine how growth and development in the emu ( Dromaius novaehollandiae ) hindlimb skeleton reflects the demands placed upon it by ontogenetic changes in locomotor mechanics and body mass. Bone strain patterns in the femur and tibiotarsus...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (6): 1046–1063.
Published: 15 March 2007
... no food-related deviations from the patterns reported below. Ingestion cycles (cycles in which food is brought into the mouth) were excluded and data were only included from chewing cycles in which the animals chewed ipsilateral to the corpus strain gages; i.e. only working side bone strain data...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (11): 2085–2102.
Published: 1 June 2006
.... Peak strains, and the time at which they occur in the feeding cycle, were compared between suction and biting. In general, peak suture strains are higher during suction than during biting, but not all of these differences are significant. Peak suture and bone strains occur at or near maximum gape...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (23): 4509–4521.
Published: 1 December 2005
...Susan W. Herring; Scott C. Pedersen; Xiaofeng Huang SUMMARY At the time of weaning, infant animals have little experience with hard food, and thus their skulls are not likely to be epigenetically adapted for the loads imposed by mastication. We examined bone strain in the zygomatic arch of 4-week...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (6): 993–1009.
Published: 15 March 2005
.... The present study integrates new data on hindlimb muscle function with previously obtained data on hindlimb kinematics, motor patterns, ground reaction forces and bone strain in order to (1) assess mechanisms underlying limb bone torsion during non-parasagittal locomotion in alligators and (2) improve...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (15): 2577–2588.
Published: 1 July 2004
... in the limb skeleton during growth reflect ontogenetic patterns of limb loading and the resulting stresses and strains produced in the limbs. The goal of this study was to relate forelimb loads to in vivo bone strains in the radius of the domestic goat( Capra hircus ) across a range of gaits and speeds...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (3): 495–507.
Published: 1 February 2001
...Michael R. Williamson; Kenneth P. Dial; Andrew A. Biewener ABSTRACT In vivo measurements of pectoralis muscle length change and force production were obtained using sonomicrometry and delto-pectoral bone strain recordings during ascending and slow level flight in mallards ( Anas platyrhynchos...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (22): 3239–3254.
Published: 15 November 1999
...Steven C. Su; John G. Skedros; Kent N. Bachus; Roy D. Bloebaum ABSTRACT Customary nonuniform distributions of physiological bone strains are thought to evoke heterogeneous material adaptation in diaphyseal cortices of some limb bones. Recent studies of artiodactyl calcanei have suggested...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (9): 1023–1046.
Published: 1 May 1999
... limb bone strains can increase during upright locomotion, in contrast to expectations based on size-correlated changes in posture among mammals that limb bone strains should decrease with the use of an upright posture. These data suggest that, in some lineages, strain magnitudes may not have been...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1993) 185 (1): 51–69.
Published: 1 December 1993
... at corresponding sites were also similar in the two groups. At 12 weeks of age, however, bone strain levels in the 60%/L group were again elevated (47% overall) compared with those recorded in the 35%/UNL group, although the general pattern and orientation of strains remained similar. This finding suggests...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1992) 170 (1): 1–18.
Published: 1 September 1992
... of in vivo bone strains on the canine radius and ulna . J. Biomech . 13 , 27 – 38 . 10.1016/0021-9290(80)90005-6 Cowin , S. C. , Lanyon , L. E. and Rodan , G. ( 1984 ). The Kroc Foundation conference on functional adaptation in bone tissue . Calcif. Tissue Int . 36 , S1...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1986) 123 (1): 383–400.
Published: 1 July 1986
... ) and the horse ( Biewener, Thomason & Lanyon, 1983 b ) in order to test the hypothesis that similar peak bone strains (stresses) occur at functionally equivalent points in the gaits of different species. Multiple recordings of in vivo strain along the caudal diaphyses of the radius and tibia of one goat were...