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Keywords: bipedalism
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (5): jeb243272.
Published: 10 March 2022
... on flexed, abducted hind limbs and with a single-peaked vertical ground reaction force. Differences in human and bipedal chimpanzee three-dimensional (3D) kinematics have been well quantified, yet it is unclear what the independent effects of using a crouched posture are on 3D gait mechanics for humans...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (21): jeb189357.
Published: 6 November 2019
...W. Éamon Callison; Nicholas B. Holowka; Daniel E. Lieberman ABSTRACT Bipedal humans, like canids and some other cursorial mammals, are thought to have been selected for endurance running, which requires the ability to sustain aerobic metabolism over long distances by inspiring large volumes of air...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (23): 3729–3737.
Published: 1 December 2016
...James T. Webber; David A. Raichlen ABSTRACT Human bipedal locomotion is characterized by a habitual heel-strike (HS) plantigrade gait, yet the significance of walking foot-posture is not well understood. To date, researchers have not fully investigated the costs of non-heel-strike (NHS) walking...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (23): 3836–3844.
Published: 1 December 2015
... Abourachid , A. ( 2000 ). Bipedal locomotion in birds: the importance of functional parameters in terrestrial adaptation in Anatidae . Can. J. Zool.   78 , 1994 - 1998 . 10.1139/z00-112 Abourachid , A. ( 2001 ). Kinematic parameters of terrestrial locomotion in cursorial (ratites...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (15): 2770–2782.
Published: 1 August 2014
... ). Bipedal locomotion in ratites (Paleognatiform) examples of cursorial birds . Ibis   142 , 538 - 549 . Abourachid   A. , Hackert   R. , Herbin   M. , Libourel   P. A. , Lambert   F. , Gioanni   H. , Provini   P. , Blazevic   P. , Hugel   V. ( 2011 ). Bird terrestrial...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (21): 3971–3980.
Published: 1 November 2013
... transfer and precise positional control. In humans, the long Achilles tendon contributes to the mechanical efficiency of running via elastic energy storage and recovery, and its presence has been linked to the evolution of habitual bipedalism. Gibbons also possess relatively long hind limb tendons; however...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (5): 713–721.
Published: 1 March 2009
...Campbell Rolian; Daniel E. Lieberman; Joseph Hamill; John W. Scott; William Werbel SUMMARY The phalangeal portion of the forefoot is extremely short relative to body mass in humans. This derived pedal proportion is thought to have evolved in the context of committed bipedalism, but the benefits...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (20): 3513–3524.
Published: 15 October 2007
...Jonas Rubenson; Denham B. Heliams; Shane K. Maloney; Philip C. Withers; David G. Lloyd; Paul A. Fournier SUMMARY The alleged high net energy cost of running and low net energy cost of walking in humans have played an important role in the interpretation of the evolution of human bipedalism...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (9): 1437–1448.
Published: 1 May 2003
...Daniel Schmitt SUMMARY An understanding of the evolution of human bipedalism can provide valuable insights into the biomechanical and physiological characteristics of locomotion in modern humans. The walking gaits of humans, other bipeds and most quadrupedal mammals can best be described by using...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (7): 1127–1136.
Published: 1 April 2003
...W. I. Sellers; L. A. Dennis; R. H. Crompton SUMMARY To understand the evolution of bipedalism among the hominoids in an ecological context we need to be able to estimate the energetic cost of locomotion in fossil forms. Ideally such an estimate would be based entirely on morphology since, except...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data