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Keywords: adaptation
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.242615.
Published: 02 July 2021
... correspondence: angela.fago@bio.au.dk 22 3 2021 28 6 2021 © 2021. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2021 http://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Adaptation Oxygen Carbon dioxide Blood Allosteric regulation New insights into the allosteric effects of CO2 and...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (7): jeb230797.
Published: 06 April 2021
... ecophysiological studies on terrestrial ectotherms from the Arctic and Antarctic typically focus on the ability of species to tolerate the extreme low temperatures that can occur in these regions, whereas studies investigating species plasticity and the importance of evolutionary adaptation to periodically high...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (24): jeb209429.
Published: 15 December 2020
... threshold; their performance can depend on additional factors. In humans and zebra finches, discrimination thresholds for colour stimuli depend on background colour, and thus the adaptive state of the visual system. We have tested how well chickens can discriminate shades of orange or green presented on...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (16): jeb225623.
Published: 26 August 2020
... stoneflies have evolved a remarkable set of behavioral and physiological adaptations that allow them to exploit the unique food resources available in hypoxic zones. These adaptations help to explain how large-bodied consumers might thrive in the underground aquifers of diverse and productive river...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (8): jeb219501.
Published: 23 April 2020
... upon repeated exposure to the same stressor. Adaptation Blood pressure Heart rate Corticosterone Chronic variable stress Social isolation References Almeida , J. , Duarte , J. O. , Oliveira , L. A. and Crestani , C. C. ( 2015 ). Effects of nitric oxide...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (4): jeb213934.
Published: 25 February 2020
... adaptation affected hindgut reabsorption at benign (24°C) and low temperature (3°C). Cold-tolerant Drosophila species and cold-acclimated D. melanogaster maintain superior fluid and Na + reabsorption at low temperature. Furthermore, cold adaptation and acclimation caused a relative reduction in K...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (19): jeb196493.
Published: 04 October 2019
...Jingxing Ou; Sarah Rosa; Luke E. Berchowitz; Wei Li ABSTRACT Comparative physiologists are often interested in adaptive physiological phenomena found in unconventional model organisms; however, research on these species is frequently constrained by the limited availability of investigative tools...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (14): jeb199521.
Published: 25 July 2019
... nearly 40 years has resulted in fast and consistent locomotor recovery from anoxia in Drosophila melanogaster . Anoxic coma Laboratory selection Carbon dioxide Adaptation Locomotor behaviour Locomotor recovery Time to immobilization Adult insects have the remarkable ability to...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (12): jeb204867.
Published: 17 June 2019
...Samuel Ginot; Anthony Herrel; Julien Claude; Lionel Hautier ABSTRACT Morphological traits are frequently used as proxies for functional outputs such as bite force performance. This allows researchers to infer and interpret the impacts of functional variation, notably in adaptive terms. Despite...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (24): jeb186320.
Published: 12 December 2018
...Heather J. Bryant; Dillon J. Chung; Patricia M. Schulte ABSTRACT Thermal effects on mitochondrial efficiency and ATP production can influence whole-animal thermal tolerance and performance. Thus, organisms may have the capacity to alter mitochondrial processes through acclimation or adaptation to...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (22): jeb175281.
Published: 16 November 2018
... on a number of time scales, including short time frames due to seasonal variation, or through longer-term evolutionary tuning. There is also evidence for ‘on-the-fly’ adaptations in adult fish in response to rapidly changing environmental conditions; however, results are contradictory. Here, we...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (18): jeb174268.
Published: 25 September 2018
...Simon Wilshin; Paul S. Shamble; Kyle J. Hovey; Ryan Harris; Andrew J. Spence; S. Tonia Hsieh ABSTRACT Although many arthropods have the ability to voluntarily lose limbs, how these animals rapidly adapt to such an extreme perturbation remains poorly understood. It is thought that moving with...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (18): jeb185470.
Published: 17 September 2018
...Agnieszka Jendroszek; Hans Malte; Cathrine B. Overgaard; Kristian Beedholm; Chandrasekhar Natarajan; Roy E. Weber; Jay F. Storz; Angela Fago ABSTRACT The high blood–O 2 affinity of the bar-headed goose ( Anser indicus ) is an integral component of the biochemical and physiological adaptations that...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (15): jeb181826.
Published: 07 August 2018
...Kristan A. Leech; Ryan T. Roemmich ABSTRACT Humans can acquire new walking patterns in many different ways. For example, we can change our gait voluntarily in response to instruction or adapt by sensing our movement errors. Here, we investigated how acquisition of a new walking pattern through...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (20): 3724–3732.
Published: 15 October 2017
... mechanisms have been described in nematodes, how parasites adapt to the immune environment provided by their hosts remains largely unexplored. Here, we used the gastrointestinal nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus to investigate the plasticity of life history traits and immunomodulatory mechanisms in response...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (12): 2265–2276.
Published: 15 June 2017
...: Animals are uniquely adapted to sense their environment. Populations of western rainbowfish exhibit habitat-specific specializations of the lateral line system that are likely linked with the animals’ behavioural needs. Population variation Altered flow regimes Sensory evolution Adaptation...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (11): 2066–2075.
Published: 01 June 2017
... sequence favor temperature-adaptive change in flexibility of regions in and around the active sites. Interspecific differences in effects of temperature on fine-scale protein movements are consistent with the differences in thermal effects on binding and rates of heat denaturation. * Author for...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 738–749.
Published: 01 March 2017
... in mammals. We also review recent efforts to understand circadian flexibility, such as how the phase of activity and rest is altered depending on the encountered environment. We explain why shifting activity to the day is an adaptive strategy to cope with energetic challenges and show how this can...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (20): 3192–3198.
Published: 01 October 2015
... subjects were fully adapted by acquiring modified motor patterns to either walk or run on a split-belt treadmill driven in split mode (asymmetry in the velocities of two belts at 1.0 and 2.0 m s −1 ). Subsequently, we tested how the adaptation affected walking and running at three different velocities in...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (12): 1856–1866.
Published: 01 June 2015
... Adaptation Acclimation Climate change Thermal performance curve Temperature has profound effects on chemical and biochemical reactions; thus, understanding the mechanisms that organisms use to cope with thermal change has been a focus of the field of biochemical adaptation since its inception...