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J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (15): 2726–2733.
Published: 1 August 2014
... The authors declare no competing financial interests. 23 11 2013 5 5 2014 © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2014 Muscle size Fascicle length Fascicle kinetics Ultrasonography Skeletal muscles follow three strategies to adapt in response to mechanical...
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (20): 3665–3671.
Published: 15 October 2012
... characteristics were measured in an ankle dynamometer using simultaneous motion-capture-assisted ultrasonography. Oxygen consumption and ankle kinematics were also measured on a treadmill at the marathon pace. All measurements were performed before and after the marathon. AT stiffness did not change significantly...
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (8): 1259–1265.
Published: 15 April 2010
... which tendon elongation was measured using ultrasonography and two cameras. Tendon force was calculated by dividing measured ankle torque by magnetic resonance imaging-derived AT lever arm length. Tendon stiffness remained unchanged, being 430±200 N mm −1 before and 390±190 N mm −1 after the exercise...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (15): 2743–2753.
Published: 1 August 2007
... MRI ultrasonography tendon plasticity in vivo exercise strain Mechanical load induced as cyclic strain, imposed externally to fibrous connective tissues such as tendons, may induce several signals at the extracellular matrix. This happens through mechanotransduction pathways affecting...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (12): 2033–2045.
Published: 15 June 2007
..., the distal small intestine, and the liver, using repeated non-invasive ultrasonography, and by investigating structural changes on the level of tissues and cells by using light- and electron microscopy. The caimans showed the same rapid and reversible changes of organ size and identical histological features...
Adamantios Arampatzis, Gianpiero De Monte, Kiros Karamanidis, Gaspar Morey-Klapsing, Savvas Stafilidis, Gert-Peter Brüggemann
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (17): 3345–3357.
Published: 1 September 2006
... stiffness running economy ultrasonography running kinematics energy exchange skeletal muscle The literature defines running economy as the rate of oxygen consumption per unit body mass when running at a constant pace( Daniels et al., 1978 ; Cavanagh and Kram, 1985 ; Williams and Cavanagh...
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (19): 3369–3380.
Published: 1 October 2003
... the alternative idea that external handling times constrain intake rate). Gizzard size within individual birds was manipulated by varying the hardness of the diet on offer, and was confirmed by ultrasonography. The results upheld the `shell-crushing hypothesis' and rejected the `handling time hypothesis'. Intake...