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Keywords: Tendon
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (Suppl_1): jeb243254.
Published: 8 March 2022
...James R. Usherwood ABSTRACT Considerable attention has been given to the spring-like behaviour of stretching and recoiling tendons, and how this can reduce the work demanded from muscle for a given loss–return cycling of mechanical energy during high-speed locomotion. However, even completely...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 796–806.
Published: 1 March 2017
..., including a range of perch diameters, pervades arboreal habitats. Moving on different substrate diameters requires considerable alteration of body and limb posture, probably causing significant shifts in the lengths of the muscle–tendon units powering locomotion. Thus, how substrate shape impacts in vivo...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (2): 266–275.
Published: 1 January 2016
... mechanisms identified so far rely primarily on in-series tendons, but many structures within muscles exhibit spring-like properties. Actomyosin cross-bridges, actin and myosin filaments, titin, and the connective tissue scaffolding of the extracellular matrix all have the potential to store and recover...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (24): 4372–4378.
Published: 15 December 2014
... and revising the article. Competing interests The authors declare no competing financial interests. 30 6 2014 27 10 2014 © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2014 Catch mechanism Muscle Frog Catapult Tendon Elastic energy storage is used by a wide...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (20): 3552–3558.
Published: 15 October 2012
...Andrew Matson; Nicolai Konow; Samuel Miller; Pernille P. Konow; Thomas J. Roberts SUMMARY The material properties of a tendon affect its ability to store and return elastic energy, resist damage, provide mechanical feedback and amplify or attenuate muscle power. While the structural properties...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (3): 353–361.
Published: 1 February 2011
...Thomas J. Roberts; Emanuel Azizi Summary The muscles that power vertebrate locomotion are associated with springy tissues, both within muscle and in connective tissue elements such as tendons. These springs share in common the same simple action: they stretch and store elastic strain energy when...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (20): 3266–3271.
Published: 15 October 2008
.... This variation might be due to variation in the storage and reutilization of elastic energy in tendons. Using a simple musculoskeletal model, it was predicted that the amount of energy stored in a tendon during a given movement depends more critically on moment arm than on mechanical properties of the tendon...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (23): 4159–4168.
Published: 1 December 2007
...P. D. Hoang; R. D. Herbert; G. Todd; R. B. Gorman; S. C. Gandevia SUMMARY This study provides the first in vivo measures of the passive length–tension properties of relaxed human muscle fascicles and their tendons. A new method was used to derive passive length–tension properties of human...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (23): 4622–4637.
Published: 1 December 2006
..., the lever arm of the trochanteral levator tendon is similar over the range of joint movements and is exceeded by that of the depressor only after 40° of depression. Three prominent arrays of hairs on the trochantin, coxa and trochanter are appropriately positioned to act as proprioceptors signalling key...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (14): 2625–2631.
Published: 15 July 2005
... of supporting relatively more mass with relatively smaller muscle, tendon and bone cross-sectional areas. To some extent, larger animals offset their intrinsic disadvantage for mass-specific force production by adopting a more favourable limb mechanical advantage for applying ground force. Their more erect...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (19): 3437–3445.
Published: 1 October 2003
...Ryan J. Monti; Roland R. Roy; Hui Zhong; V. R. Edgerton SUMMARY The in vitro mechanical properties of tendons are well described,whereas little data exist for conditions mimicking those found in vivo . Descriptions of the in situ mechanical properties of aponeuroses are more common, but the results...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (15): 2567–2580.
Published: 1 August 2003
... catesbeiana elastic tendon acceleration Frog jumping provides an excellent system for investigating the limits to muscle-powered accelerations. Frogs jump farther than they should, if we consider only the power their muscles are capable of producing. The mechanical power required to accelerate...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (8): 1325–1336.
Published: 15 April 2003
...M. Polly McGuigan; Alan M. Wilson SUMMARY A horse's legs are compressed during the stance phase, storing and then returning elastic strain energy in spring-like muscle-tendon units. The arrangement of the muscle-tendon units around the lever-like joints means that as the leg shortens the muscle...