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Keywords: Swimming
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (2): jeb246433.
Published: 30 January 2024
... by swimming rapidly to the water surface to achieve an escape velocity. Previous research on spinner dolphins demonstrated the capability of leaping and completing multiple spins around their longitudinal axis with high angular velocities. This prior research suggested the slender body morphology of spinner...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (17): jeb245990.
Published: 6 September 2023
...Emma S. Porter; A. Kurt Gamperl ABSTRACT We investigated how acclimation to 8, 4 and 1°C, and acute cooling from 8 to 1°C, affected the Atlantic salmon's aerobic and anaerobic metabolism, and cardiac function, during a critical swim speed ( U crit ) test. This study revealed several interesting...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (14): jeb245686.
Published: 26 July 2023
... to evade predation and aggression via rapid swimming movements. With environmental change expected to affect the physiology and biomechanics of aquatic ectotherms, there is a growing interest in understanding how environmental stressors affect the swimming performance and behaviour of fishes during escape...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (13): jeb245929.
Published: 7 July 2023
...Vincent Stin; Ramiro Godoy-Diana; Xavier Bonnet; Anthony Herrel ABSTRACT We describe a method for measuring the 3D vortical structures produced by an anguilliform swimmer using volumetric velocimetry. The wake of freely swimming dice snakes ( Natrix tessellata ) was quantified, revealing...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (11): jeb245210.
Published: 6 June 2023
... for swimming (CTS max ) while exercising aerobically until fatigue and the critical thermal maximum (CT max ) under static conditions until loss of equilibrium (LOE). In the CTS max protocol, warming caused a profound increase in the rate of oxygen uptake ( Ṁ O 2 ), culminating in a gait transition from steady...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
JEB: 100 years of discovery
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (Suppl_1): jeb245308.
Published: 22 April 2023
...Yordano E. Jimenez; Kelsey N. Lucas; John H. Long, Jr; Eric D. Tytell ABSTRACT Nearly all fish have flexible bodies that bend as a result of internal muscular forces and external fluid forces that are dynamically coupled with the mechanical properties of the body. Swimming is therefore strongly...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
JEB: 100 years of discovery
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (Suppl_1): jeb245284.
Published: 20 April 2023
... influences the selection of animals, behaviors and methodologies for studying animal motion. Locomotion Walking Running Swimming Behavior Methodology In the pursuit of understanding how animals move, biomechanists have historically focused on one of two approaches ( Fig. 1 ). Scientists...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (4): jeb244144.
Published: 24 February 2023
...Abigail M. Downs; Allison Kolpas; Barbara A. Block; Frank E. Fish ABSTRACT Tuna are known for exceptional swimming speeds, which are possible because of their thunniform lift-based propulsion, large muscle mass and rigid fusiform body. A rigid body should restrict maneuverability with regard...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (13): jeb243828.
Published: 30 June 2022
...Takashi Hara; Shuya Hasegawa; Yasushi Iwatani; Atsuo S. Nishino ABSTRACT Swimming locomotion in aquatic vertebrates, such as fish and tadpoles, is expressed through neuron networks in the spinal cord. These networks are arranged in parallel, ubiquitously distributed and mutually coupled along...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (Suppl_1): jeb243376.
Published: 8 March 2022
... and bones should be analysed for power production in feeding (or at least as a compromise between swimming and feeding), and cranial muscles and bones should be analysed for their role in transmitting axial power and coordinating buccal expansion. This new framework is already yielding novel insights...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (4): jeb243121.
Published: 24 February 2022
... ( Tursiops truncatus ). We measured resting metabolic rate (RMR); mean individual RMR was 0.71–1.42 times that of a similarly sized terrestrial mammal and agreed with past measurements that used breath-by-breath and flow-through respirometry. We also measured energy expenditure during submerged swim trials...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (21): jeb242903.
Published: 29 October 2021
... set the tolerance to 1% in cases where an electrode pair had standard deviations less than 1%, as we consider differences less than 1% to be negligible. For swimming, a trial was counted as asymmetrical only if ipsilateral activity, the side with active muscle shortening, was greater than...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (13): jeb237586.
Published: 9 July 2021
...William T. Gough; Hayden J. Smith; Matthew S. Savoca; Max F. Czapanskiy; Frank E. Fish; Jean Potvin; K. C. Bierlich; David E. Cade; Jacopo Di Clemente; John Kennedy; Paolo Segre; Andrew Stanworth; Caroline Weir; Jeremy A. Goldbogen ABSTRACT High efficiency lunate-tail swimming with high-aspect...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (24): jeb235226.
Published: 15 December 2020
.... Costa et al. (2013) found that cunner ( Tautogolabrus adspersus ), which undergo winter dormancy, experienced a decrease in routine metabolic rate which equated to Q 10 =10.4 when temperature was dropped from 5 to 0°C. Additionally, swimming performance can be affected by decreasing temperatures...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (16): jeb223230.
Published: 24 August 2020
...Robin Thandiackal; George V. Lauder ABSTRACT Whereas many fishes swim steadily, zebrafish regularly exhibit unsteady burst-and-coast swimming, which is characterized by repeated sequences of turns followed by gliding periods. Such a behavior offers the opportunity to investigate the hypothesis...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (12): jeb220962.
Published: 26 June 2020
.... and Wood , C. M. ( 1997 ). The interactive effects of feeding and exercise on oxygen consumption, swimming performance and protein usage in juvenile rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss) . J. Exp. Biol.   200 , 2337 - 2346 . Armstrong , J. B. and Schindler , D. E. ( 2011 ). Excess...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (18): jeb166009.
Published: 18 September 2019
... in various species. Here, we aim to integrate recent knowledge on escape responses and highlight rich areas for research. Rapidly developing approaches for studying the kinematics of swimming motion both in the lab and within the natural environment provide new avenues for research on these critical...