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Keywords: Selasphorus rufusClose
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (14): 2515–2523.
Published: 15 July 2010
... aerodynamically active upstroke of hummingbirds lead to different patterns, we flew rufous hummingbirds ( Selasphorus rufus , 3 g body mass, 42 Hz wingbeat frequency) in a variable-speed wind tunnel (0–10 m s −1 ). We measured neuromuscular activity in the pectoralis (PECT) and supracoracoideus (SUPRA) muscles...
Includes: Supplementary data
Bret W. Tobalske, Douglas R. Warrick, Christopher J. Clark, Donald R. Powers, Tyson L. Hedrick, Gabriel A. Hyder, Andrew A. Biewener
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (13): 2368–2382.
Published: 01 July 2007
... hypothesized that other wing kinematics besides stroke-plane angle would vary in hummingbirds. To test this, we used synchronized high-speed (500 Hz) video cameras and measured the three-dimensional wing and body kinematics of rufous hummingbirds ( Selasphorus rufus , 3 g, N =5) as they flew at velocities of 0...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (8): 1345–1352.
Published: 15 March 2004
.... Morphological data for rufous hummingbirds (Selasphorus rufus) Variable Mean value Body mass (g) 3.2±0.1 Single wing length (mm) 46.1±2.6 Wing span (mm) 104.9±4.9 Average wing chord (mm) 13.0±0.3 Aspect ratio 7.1±0.3 Single wing area (mm 2 ) 599.2±46.4 Area of both wings and...