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Keywords: Red blood cellClose
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (12): jeb203976.
Published: 19 June 2019
... Trachemys scripta elegans , a species undergoing strong metabolic suppression when cold and anoxic. In warm normoxic turtles, free H 2 S was higher in red blood cells (RBCs) and kidney (∼9–10 µmol l −1 ) than in brain, liver and lung (∼1–2 µmol l −1 ). These values overall aligned with the tissue H 2 S...
Includes: Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (21): 3797–3804.
Published: 1 November 2014
...William R. Driedzic; Kathy A. Clow; Connie E. Short Energy metabolism was assessed in red blood cells (RBCs) from Atlantic cod and short-horned sculpin, two species that have markedly different levels of blood glucose. The objective was to determine whether the level of extracellular glucose has...
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (7): 1167–1173.
Published: 1 April 2013
... and smaller red blood cells. However, these differences disappeared after 6 weeks of acclimation to normoxia at low altitude. The measured traits were also indistinguishable between the F 1 progeny of highland and lowland mice, indicating that there were no persistent differences in phenotype that could...
Includes: Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (14): 2495–2500.
Published: 15 July 2012
... conducted until the point of isotopic steady state with a diet. We kept six leopard sharks in captivity for 1250 days, measured their growth, and serially sampled plasma, red blood cells and muscle for stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis. A single-compartment model with first-order kinetics...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (19): 3451–3460.
Published: 1 October 2007
...Pia Koldkjær; Michael Berenbrink SUMMARY Haemoglobin concentrations in vertebrate red blood cells are so high that in human sickle cell disease a single surface amino acid mutation can result in formation of large insoluble haemoglobin aggregates at low oxygen levels,causing peculiar cell...
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (7): 1169–1178.
Published: 1 April 2006
...A. J. Esbaugh; B. L. Tufts SUMMARY Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a multi-functional enzyme that catalyzes the hydration/dehydration of carbon dioxide. In the red blood cell (rbc), CA is necessary to facilitate the transport of carbon dioxide out of the body. Results from earlier biochemical studies...
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (10): 1951–1961.
Published: 15 May 2005
.... The objective of the current study was to determine if branchial CA activity in rainbow trout was the result of a general cytoplasmic CA isozyme, with kinetic properties,tissue distribution and physiological functions distinct from those of the red blood cell (rbc)-specific CA isozyme. Isolation and sequencing...
J Exp Biol (2000) 203 (19): 3003–3009.
Published: 1 October 2000
... anhydrase inhibition is different from that of all other known carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. The serum showed no inhibitory effect on carbonic anhydrase from human and bovine red blood cells. By applying the 18 O exchange reaction, it could be demonstrated that the presence of the carbonic anhydrase...
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (1): 21–32.
Published: 1 January 1999
... red cells. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ) 14 10 1998 07 12 1998 © 1999 by Company of Biologists 1999 volume regulation oxygenation acid activation amiloride Na + /H + exchange red blood cell flounder Platichthys flesus...
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (14): 2035–2043.
Published: 1 July 1997
... of binding sites. * e-mail: email@example.com . 29 4 1994 ©The Company of Biologists Limited 1997 erythrocyte cortisol stress receptor starvation rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss red blood cell The primary role of the erythrocyte is considered...
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (7): 1125–1131.
Published: 1 April 1997
... Thamnophis elegans red blood cell The red cells of many lower vertebrates contain high concentrations of nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs: usually in the form of adenosine triphosphate, ATP, and guanosine triphosphate, GTP) which serve, in large part, to regulate hemoglobin allosterically...
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (1): 173–183.
Published: 1 January 1997
... reversed the direction of the acid–base disequilibrium such that pHa increased by 0.059±0.016 units (mean ± S.E.M., N =6) during the stopflow period. When the CA activity of red blood cells (rbcs) was additionally inhibited using acetazolamide, the magnitude of the negative disequilibrium was increased...
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (3): 549–562.
Published: 1 March 1996
...Steve F. Perry; Stephen G. Reid; Annika Salama ABSTRACT The effects of a 7-day period of daily physical stress (chasing until exhaustion) on the β -adrenergic response of the rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) red blood cell (rbc) were examined in vitro . Physical stress was associated...
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (11): 2393–2396.
Published: 1 November 1995
...) at the highest haemoglobin concentrations. The decrease in haemoglobin oxygen-affinity was attributed to the volume changes, since the intracellular pH did not decrease with increasing mean cellular haemoglobin concentration. Thus, the variations in red blood cell volume commonly observed during hypoxia may play...
J Exp Biol (1994) 194 (1): 167–180.
Published: 1 September 1994
... glucose concentration was more than adequate to support oxygen consumption. Glucose disappearance could not be accounted for by increases in lactate, red blood cell (RBC) glucose or RBC glycogen concentrations. Rates of 14 CO 2 production from [6- 14 C]glucose over a 2 h incubation period were less than 1...
J Exp Biol (1994) 194 (1): 225–253.
Published: 1 September 1994
... 5 1994 ©The Company of Biologists Limited 1994 Oncorhynchus mykiss trout carbonic anhydrase ventilation respiratory acidosis catecholamines exercise red blood cell CO 2 excretion It is now well established that severe, exhaustive exercise causes an increase...
J Exp Biol (1994) 192 (1): 269–284.
Published: 1 July 1994
... are influenced by the respiratory status of the fish. Oncorhynchus mykiss hypoxia hyperoxia hypercapnia acid–base disequilibrium red blood cell HCO 3 − dehydration Cl − /HCO 3 − exchange gill ventilation 28 3 1994 ©The Company of Biologists Limited 1994 The dorsal...
J Exp Biol (1994) 190 (1): 43–54.
Published: 1 May 1994
... . Respir. Physiol . 74 , 65 – 76 . 10.1016/0034-5687(88)90141-7 Ferguson , R. A. and Boutilier , R. G. ( 1989 ). Metabolic-membrane coupling in red blood cells of trout: the effects of anoxia and adrenergic stimulation . J. exp. Biol . 143 , 149 – 164 . 10.1242/jeb.143.1.149...
J Exp Biol (1994) 186 (1): 309–314.
Published: 1 January 1994
... and strenuous exercise (see review by Thomas and Perry, 1992 ). These hormones initiate a series of integrated physiological responses that optimize cardiovascular and respiratory functions (see reviews by Perry and Wood, 1989 ; Randall and Perry, 1992 ; Thomas and Perry, 1992 ). Stimulation of red blood cell β...
J Exp Biol (1993) 180 (1): 39–54.
Published: 1 July 1993
...Steve F. Perry; Kathleen Gilmour ABSTRACT An evaluation of several potential factors limiting carbon dioxide excretion by rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) red blood cells was performed in vitro using a recently developed radioisotopic assay. Red blood cell (RBC) CO 2 excretion was reduced...