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Keywords: PER
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (13): jeb244340.
Published: 11 July 2022
... mechanisms by which N. ceranae impairs bumblebee cognition and the broader consequences for populations of pollinators. Fig. 4. Reversal learning. (A,B) Differential learning phase. (A) Percentage of PER responses to rewarded (A+, circles) and unrewarded (B−, triangles) odours by control (blue, n =64...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (10): jeb243832.
Published: 24 May 2022
... of inverse effectiveness. Multimodal integration Bimodal signals PER Associative learning Cross-modal integration Apis mellifera Absolute conditioning Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Minciencias) de la República de Colombia 727-2015 Animal Behavior Society...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (7): jeb244103.
Published: 7 April 2022
... 2022. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2022 Summary: Dietary omega fatty acids help honey bees sniff out damaged brood odors to prevent disease from spreading in the hive. Pollen Cognition PER Nutrition Olfaction National Institute of Food and Agriculture http...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (10): jeb220103.
Published: 18 May 2020
.... and Spaethe , J. ( 2018 ). Length of stimulus presentation and visual angle are critical for efficient visual PER conditioning in the restrained honey bee, Apis mellifera . J. Exp. Biol.   221 , 1 - 8 . 10.1242/jeb.179622 Mackintosh , N. J. ( 1974 ). The Psychology of Animal Learning...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (1): jeb206748.
Published: 6 January 2020
... of collection. Eight bees were collected from each hive experience treatment (restricted and free) on each training day and they were divided equally into each training protocol group (see PER variance learning assay, below). The hives were placed within 30 m of one another in a shaded courtyard. The first...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (20): 3695–3705.
Published: 15 October 2017
... on the tarsae, antennae or mouthparts with nectar or sucrose solution, hungry honey bees show a proboscis-extension response (PER), leading to the uptake of nectar and the association of odors or other stimuli received by the antennae. In olfactory PER conditioning, the odor represents the conditioned stimulus...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (8): 1443–1450.
Published: 15 April 2017
.... Biogenic amines Nurse bee Apis mellifera PER Proboscis extension response Honeybees are famous for their intricate division of labor. Each bee sequentially performs a series of social tasks during its life (for a review, see Johnson, 2010 ). The most pronounced changes in individual behavior...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (6): 790–796.
Published: 15 March 2016
... extension reflex (PER) response of Apis mellifera water foragers to 0–10% w/w solutions of Na, Mg and K, ions that provide essential nutrients. We also tested phosphate, which can deter foraging. Bees exhibited significant preferences, with the most PER responses for 1.5–3% Na and 1.5% Mg. However, K...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (7): 1076–1083.
Published: 1 April 2012
... with the behavioral experiments. GRS gustatory response score PER proboscis extension response Some earlier studies on the role of octopamine for behavior used reserpine to deplete biogenic amines from the brains of bees before applying octopamine. In those experiments, octopamine specifically...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (9): 1344–1350.
Published: 1 May 2009
...C. Niggebrügge; G. Leboulle; R. Menzel; B. Komischke; N. Hempel de Ibarra SUMMARY Colours are quickly learnt by free-moving bees in operant conditioning settings. In the present study, we report a method using the classical conditioning of the proboscis extension response (PER) in restrained...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (7): 994–1002.
Published: 1 April 2009
... and underline that the honeybee has great potential as a model system in the biology of aging. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: Ricarda.Scheiner-Pietsch@TU-Berlin.de ) 6 1 2009 2009 tactile conditioning retention discrimination aging division of labour PER Many animals...