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Keywords: Operant conditioning
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (10): jeb245566.
Published: 26 May 2023
... the behavioral and transcriptional effects induced by different lengths of food deprivation: 1 day, which is a short time period of food deprivation, and 3 days, which is an ‘intermediate’ level of food deprivation. Snails were subjected to different feeding regimens and then trained for operant conditioning...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (14): jeb205112.
Published: 16 July 2019
... , 2118 - 2124 . 10.1242/jeb.054635 Lukowiak , K. , Ringseis , E. , Spencer , G. , Wildering , W. and Syed , N. ( 1996 ). Operant conditioning of aerial respiratory behaviour in Lymnaea stagnalis . J. Exp. Biol.   199 , 683 - 691 . Lukowiak , K. , Cotter , R...
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Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb191510.
Published: 8 March 2019
... fitness; thus, we measured female song preference to evaluate the role of DA in mate selection and pair-bond formation, using an operant conditioning paradigm. We found that DA acting through the D2 receptor, but not the D1 receptor, can induce a song preference in unpaired female finches...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (3): jeb190405.
Published: 4 February 2019
... as a result of experiencing stimuli simultaneously. Higher-order learning Lymnaea Operant conditioning Anti-predator behaviour Predator–prey interactions Learning, especially associative learning and the subsequent formation of memory, is a vital survival mechanism enabling organisms...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (10): jeb180521.
Published: 22 May 2018
... in memory-forming ability, possibly due to environmental factors. Invertebrate Operant conditioning Aerial respiration Learning Environmental conditions are known to influence learning and memory formation in many species. The observation that environmental enrichment results in behavioural...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (17): 3026–3038.
Published: 1 September 2017
... nervous system that encode two G-protein-coupled receptors ( Lymnaea CBr-like 1 and 2) that structurally resemble mammalian cannabinoid receptors (CBrs). We found that injection of a mammalian CBr agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN 55) into the snail before operant conditioning obstructed learning and memory...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (13): 2387–2396.
Published: 1 July 2017
... reveals higher values for anatomical estimates but these may not be indicative of actual performance. Operant conditioning Retinal topography Visual behaviour Spatial frequency Marine signalling Spatial resolution Many coral reef fish use visual signalling for a range of behaviours...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (6): 949–959.
Published: 15 March 2015
... no competing or financial interests. 25 11 2014 19 1 2015 © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2015 Summary: Learning context is a key modulator of taste in the honey bee. Gustation Learning Pavlovian conditioning Operant conditioning Negative reinforcement...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (1): 76–83.
Published: 1 January 2014
... here on how environmentally relevant stressors alter learning, memory and forgetting in the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis . Operant conditioning of aerial respiration causes associative learning that may lead to long-term memory (LTM) formation. However, individual ecologically relevant stressors...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (20): 3566–3576.
Published: 15 October 2012
... not alter breathing rate in the absence of a physical stimulus. * Author for correspondence ( [email protected] ) 16 1 2012 2 7 2012 © 2012. 2012 long-term memory (−)epicatechin memory enhancement Lymnaea stagnalis operant conditioning flavonol We are who we...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (12): 2118–2124.
Published: 15 June 2011
... previously learned and remembered as the low calcium blocks forgetting. * Author for correspondence ( [email protected] ) 15 3 2011 © 2011. 2011 Lymnaea stagnalis long-term memory environmental calcium operant conditioning forgetting Forgetting has been hypothesized...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (2): 301–307.
Published: 15 January 2010
...M. V. Orr; K. Hittel; K. Lukowiak SUMMARY Learning and memory provide the flexibility an organism requires to respond to changing social and ecological conditions. Juvenile Lymnaea have previously been shown to have a diminished capacity to form long-term memory (LTM) following operant conditioning...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (18): 3016–3025.
Published: 15 September 2009
...-in sound-attenuating chamber (1.83 m×1.83 m×1.83 m; Industrial Acoustics Corporation, Bronx, NY, USA)but kept in the budgerigar cage used for operant conditioning. This provided easier access for audio equipment and human observation. The walk-in sound-attenuating chamber contained an AKG C 1000S...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (4): 711–721.
Published: 15 February 2006
...M. R. Lowe; G. E. Spencer SUMMARY The aim of this study was to investigate the neural basis of operant conditioning in a semi-intact preparation of the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis . Lymnaea learns, via operant conditioning, to reduce its aerial respiratory behaviour in response to an aversive...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (8): 1459–1467.
Published: 15 April 2005
... adults. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: [email protected] ) 15 2 2005 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2005 2005 aerial respiration learning and memory in vitro semiintact preparation Lymnaea operant conditioning associative learning long-lasting memory...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (8): 1525–1536.
Published: 15 April 2005
.... Lymnaea are bimodal breathers, therefore it is possible to modulate one of its respiratory behaviours (i.e. aerial respiration) while leaving the other (cutaneous) unaffected. We use a non-declarative, operant conditioning paradigm to decrease aerial respiratory behaviour( Lukowiak et al., 1996...
Journal Articles