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Keywords: Locomotion
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.246181.
Published: 10 June 2024
.../ Locomotion Energetics Wearable sensors Optimality Precision Health Initiative Patricia C. Schroeder Family Fund Award Understanding the influence of context on real-world walking energetics Loubna Baroudi1 Kira Barton1,2, Stephen M. Cain3 and K. Alex Shorter1 1University...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (10): jeb246887.
Published: 28 May 2024
..., but not in darkness. Analysis of their turning showed attraction to fish nearby in darkness, but only with their lateral lines. Locomotion Vision Lateral line system Collective behavior Schooling Fish National Science Foundation http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000001 IOS 1652582 Army...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (8): jeb246943.
Published: 22 April 2024
... of climbing remained consistent across all three setups. Differences in energetic costs were similarly not affected by body mass; however, velocity had a significant impact upon both cost of transport and cost of locomotion, but such a relationship disappeared when accounting for metabolic costs per stride...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (5): jeb246275.
Published: 12 March 2024
...Brendan J. Gibbs; Otar Akanyeti; James C. Liao ABSTRACT Pectoral fins play a crucial role in fish locomotion. Despite fishes living in complex fluid environments that exist in rivers and tidal flows, the role of the pectoral fins in navigating turbulent flows is not well understood. This study...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (5): jeb246280.
Published: 11 March 2024
... typically increase in density during aging, thus increasing passive muscle stiffness and potentially limiting the operating lengths of muscle during locomotion. Here, we compare in vivo and in situ muscle strain from the medial gastrocnemius in young (7 months old) and aged (30–32 months old) rats presumed...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (4): jeb245434.
Published: 22 February 2024
...-leaping hypothesis suggests that the evolution of these traits in basal primates was driven by the demands of a form of leaping locomotion unique to primates. Whether the grasp-leaping hypothesis provides a viable mechanism for the evolution of primates' forward-facing eyes remains untested. To determine...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (1): jeb245920.
Published: 12 January 2024
... straight-line trajectory. Scarabaeidae Dung beetle Ball rolling Complex terrain Locomotion Control Human Frontier Science Program http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100004412 RGP0002/2017 Alexander von Humboldt Foundation http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100005156 UKR 1118826...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2024) 227 (1): jeb246182.
Published: 4 January 2024
...Corinna Gebehart; Ansgar Büschges ABSTRACT The integration of sensory information is required to maintain body posture and to generate robust yet flexible locomotion through unpredictable environments. To anticipate required adaptations in limb posture and enable compensation of sudden...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (24): jeb246545.
Published: 7 December 2023
... important external force on land for relatively large animals such as vertebrates. These different properties of the environment could drive variation in the design and mechanics of the locomotor system of organisms. Animals that use multiple environments can consequently exhibit locomotion conflicts...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (22): jeb246437.
Published: 21 November 2023
... evidence that the human soleus muscle favors contractile conditions for economical work production during submaximal running and for enhancing mechanical power production during maximal running speed. Locomotion Sprinting Triceps surae Muscle–tendon unit Ultrasound Modeling The soleus...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (21): jeb246070.
Published: 3 November 2023
... assumed to be the primary spring storing and releasing elastic strain energy in movements ranging from single bout jumps to cyclic locomotion potentially amplifying, conserving or attenuating power ( Alexander and Vernon, 1975 ; Hedrick et al., 2004 ; Peplowski and Marsh, 1997 ; Roberts and Azizi, 2011...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (20): jeb245617.
Published: 31 October 2023
... aerobic and non-aerobic (high-energy phosphate stores and substrate-level phosphorylation) metabolic energy contributions, and yet no study to date has quantified both types of metabolic contribution in comparison to locomotion by solitary individuals. There are multiple challenging questions regarding...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (19): jeb245094.
Published: 11 October 2023
... evolved ancestrally to Chrysopelea . To test this predicted occurrence of dynamic behaviors in closely related taxa, we studied gap bridging locomotion in the genus Dendrelaphis , which is the sister lineage of Chysopelea . We recorded 20 snakes from two species ( D. punctulatus and D. calligastra...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (19): jeb246340.
Published: 6 October 2023
...), an invasive insect in the USA that jumps frequently for dispersal, locomotion and predator evasion. High-speed video was used to analyze jumping by spotted lanternfly nymphs from take-off to impact on compliant surfaces. These insects used rapid hindleg extensions to achieve high take-off speeds (2.7–3.4 m s...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (15): jeb245256.
Published: 8 August 2023
... control lines in organ mass; V̇ O 2 ,max and BMR are uncorrelated. These results offer limited support for the aerobic capacity model, but are relevant to the ‘behavior evolves first’ model. Basal metabolic rate Behavior Endothermy Energetics Experimental evolution Locomotion...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (14): jeb245686.
Published: 26 July 2023
... Summary: We outline practical guidelines for conducting, analysing and reporting escape response experiments in fish with the aim of facilitating study replication, comparative analyses and evidence synthesis. Biomechanics Fast-start Locomotion Whole-organism performance Startle response...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (12): jeb245614.
Published: 15 June 2023
...Luke N. Jessup; Luke A. Kelly; Andrew G. Cresswell; Glen A. Lichtwark ABSTRACT Many models have been developed to predict metabolic energy expenditure based on biomechanical proxies of muscle function. However, current models may only perform well for select forms of locomotion, not only because...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles