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Keywords: Insect
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (4): jeb236240.
Published: 25 February 2021
...Klara Kihlström; Brett Aiello; Eric Warrant; Simon Sponberg; Anna Stöckl ABSTRACT Wing integrity is crucial to the many insect species that spend distinct portions of their life in flight. How insects cope with the consequences of wing damage is therefore a central question when studying how robust...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (3): jeb233619.
Published: 05 February 2021
... Locomotor activity Insect Axenic Behavior Most animals bear microorganisms that influence their health and fitness, and the microorganisms tend to be harbored predominantly in the lumen of the gut ( Engel and Moran, 2013 ; McFall-Ngai et al., 2013 ; Sender et al., 2016 ). These microbial...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (2): jeb237289.
Published: 28 January 2021
...-scattering tape (Salzmann 3M Scotchlite Reflective Tape, Saint Paul, MN, USA) was then attached using non-toxic insect marking glue (E. H. Thorns Ltd, Wragby, UK) to the centre of the first abdominal tergite, which possesses the Ander's organ stridulatory files. Vertical motion of the abdomen could...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (24): jeb225599.
Published: 22 December 2020
...Yonatan Meresman; Gal Ribak ABSTRACT To manoeuvre in air, flying animals produce asymmetric flapping between contralateral wings. Unlike the adjustable vertebrate wings, insect wings lack intrinsic musculature, preventing active control over wing shape during flight. However, the wings elastically...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (22): jeb229732.
Published: 17 November 2020
... arena indicated that their sound-localization behavior is not a reflexive response but a complicated process including multiple behavioral strategies switched by internal state transition. Gryllus bimaculatus Approach phase Insect Local search Mating behavior Auditory Animals must...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (18): jeb223784.
Published: 28 September 2020
...Hans Pohl; Elena V. Gorb; Stanislav N. Gorb ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to find out how strongly the parasitic insect Stylops ovinae , which has tarsi equipped with tenent hairs and lacking claws, attaches to different substrates. We investigated adhesion of male S. ovinae to the abdomen...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (15): jeb225821.
Published: 13 August 2020
..., and treating mosquitoes with lysozyme reduces the heart rate in a manner reminiscent of the infection phenotype. These data demonstrate an exciting new facet of the integration between the immune and circulatory systems of insects, whereby a hemocyte-produced factor with immune activity, namely nitric oxide...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (14): jeb203224.
Published: 30 July 2020
... disciplines that has accumulated over the last two decades indicates how small insects with body sizes much smaller than the wavelength of the sound of interest achieve a localisation performance that is similar to that of mammals. This Review starts by describing the distinction between tympanal ears...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (12): jeb223800.
Published: 19 June 2020
..., with regard to the sun compass . Vision Res.   34 , 1461 - 1470 . 10.1016/0042-6989(94)90148-1 Collett , T. S. and Collett , M. ( 2000 ). Path integration in insects . Curr. Opin. Neurobiol.   10 , 757 - 762 . 10.1016/S0959-4388(00)00150-1 Collett , T. S. and Collett , M...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (8): jeb220608.
Published: 23 April 2020
...Flora Borne; Alexander Kovalev; Stanislav Gorb; Virginie Courtier-Orgogozo ABSTRACT Insects produce a variety of adhesives for diverse functions such as locomotion, mating, and egg or pupal anchorage to substrates. Although they are important for the biology of organisms and potentially represent...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (3): jeb217703.
Published: 03 February 2020
... be useful for visual orientation during migration. Photoreceptor Vision Insect Migration Spectral sensitivity The visual system of butterflies is diverse and complex, which is apparent in the compound eye photoreceptors. Despite evolving from trichromats with ultraviolet (UV), blue (B...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (22): jeb211862.
Published: 21 November 2019
... played no apparent role in sound reception. We propose that hearing functions to prevent attacks by aerial insect predators and parasitoids, which produce flight sounds in the frequency range to which the caterpillars are sensitive. This research lays the foundation for further investigations...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (20): jeb198705.
Published: 16 October 2019
... walking speed Insect Inter-leg coordination Aerial phases Cataglyphis bombycina , better known as the silver ant of the Saharan desert, the Sinai and the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula, occupies the niche of a thermophilic scavenger. This implies foraging activity during the midday sun, when...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (13): jeb199406.
Published: 05 July 2019
... this information. Flight tunnel experiments have been crucial for our understanding of how insects use optic flow for flight control in confined spaces. However, previous work mainly focused on species from two insect orders: Hymenoptera and Diptera. We therefore set out to investigate whether the previously...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (10): jeb203000.
Published: 22 May 2019
...Natalia Capriotti; Juan P. Ianowski; Paula Gioino; Sheila Ons ABSTRACT Given that hematophagous insects ingest large quantities of blood in a single meal, they must undergo a rapid post-prandial diuresis in order to maintain homeostasis. In the kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (8): jeb196261.
Published: 25 April 2019
...Ronny Rosner; Uta Pegel; Uwe Homberg ABSTRACT The central complex, a group of midline neuropils in the insect brain, plays a key role in spatial orientation and navigation. Work in locusts, crickets, dung beetles, bees and butterflies suggests that it harbors a network of neurons which determines...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (4): jeb190660.
Published: 20 February 2019
...Amanda A. Lindeman; Jayne E. Yack ABSTRACT Many insects vary their song patterns to communicate different messages, but the underlying biomechanisms are often poorly understood. Here, we report on the mechanics of sound production and variation in an elytro-tergal stridulator, male Dendroctonus...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (3): jeb191213.
Published: 07 February 2019
... Phonotaxis Insect Johnston's organ Sound localization is a basic function of auditory systems. In organisms with tympanal ears, sound localization depends primarily on inter-aural differences in the amplitude of eardrum vibrations, as well as inter-aural differences in the timing of those...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (Suppl_1): jeb192450.
Published: 06 February 2019
...Basil el Jundi; Emily Baird; Marcus J. Byrne; Marie Dacke; Basil el Jundi; Almut Kelber; Barbara Webb ABSTRACT For many insects, celestial compass cues play an important role in keeping track of their directional headings. One well-investigated group of celestial orientating insects are the African...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (1): jeb191957.
Published: 01 January 2019
... responses to moving images containing both polarization and intensity contrast, we infer the photoreceptors and early neural circuits involved in motion detection. Polarization Motion vision Butterfly Insect Photoreceptor Despite having vastly inferior spatial acuity to humans, many...
Includes: Supplementary data