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Keywords: Heat transferClose
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (14): jeb231134.
Published: 21 July 2021
...±0.199 mm ( N =91). Head width measured 3.68±0.16 mm ( N =91) and head cylindrical length was 1.53±0.20 mm ( N =91). The cuticle emissivity mean was 0.96±0.0058 ( N =12). Total surface area for radiative heat transfer used was 8.67×10 −5 ±7.66×10 −6 m 2 ( N =91). Competing interests...
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (15): 2621–2629.
Published: 01 August 2012
.... the distribution of radiation from a point source over the pit membrane, for each species. We then used optical physics, heat transfer physics and computational image processing to define the thermal image formed on the pit membrane for each species. Our computed pit membrane images are consistent with behavioral...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (2): 230–241.
Published: 15 January 2011
... limitation peripheral limitation heat dissipation limit theory heat transfer lactation metabolic theory of ecology sustained metabolic scope milk production All biochemical, physiological and behavioural processes require energy. An axiomatic assumption, first articulated during the 1930s...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (16): 2801–2810.
Published: 15 August 2007
... a detailed optical and heat transfer analysis, which includes heat transfer through the air in the pit chambers as well as via thermal infrared radiation. We find the image on the membrane to be poorly focused and of very low temperature contrast. Heat flow through the air in the pit chambers severely limits...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (24): 4291–4298.
Published: 15 November 2004
... of flight in a wind tunnel by four European starlings Sturnus vulgaris made using three independent techniques: heat transfer modelling, doubly labelled water (DLW)and mask respirometry. We based our heat transfer model on thermal images of the surface temperature of the birds and air flow past the body...
Includes: Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (23): 4217–4231.
Published: 01 December 2003
... by long pauses. Heat transfer to the brood from individual bees on the comb surface and from bees inside empty cells was simulated under controlled conditions. Heating on the comb surface causes a strong superficial warming of the brood cap by up to 3°C within 30 min. Heat transfer is 1.9–2.6 times more...
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (7): 1143–1151.
Published: 01 April 2003
...Craig E. Franklin; Frank Seebacher SUMMARY The effect of heating and cooling on heart rate in the estuarine crocodile Crocodylus porosus was studied in response to different heat transfer mechanisms and heat loads. Three heating treatments were investigated. C. porosus were: (1) exposed...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (14): 2099–2105.
Published: 15 July 2002
... Limited 2002 2002 thermoregulation heat transfer heterothermy metabolic heat production body temperature round-tailed ground squirrel Spermophilus tereticaudus Endothermic homeothermy is one of the most significant evolutionary alterations involving the relationship between an animal...