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Keywords: Gear ratio
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (7): 998–1003.
Published: 1 April 2016
...Natalie C. Holt; Nicole Danos; Thomas J. Roberts; Emanuel Azizi ABSTRACT Skeletal muscles power a broad diversity of animal movements, despite only being able to produce high forces over a limited range of velocities. Pennate muscles use a range of gear ratios, the ratio of muscle shortening...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (3): 376–381.
Published: 1 February 2014
... advantage at the level of the muscle–tendon unit (MTU) that is characterized by a gear ratio (MTU velocity/fascicle velocity). A muscle's architectural gear ratio (AGR) has been shown to vary as a function of force during shortening, while AGR during lengthening remains largely unknown. We independently...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (23): 3185–3195.
Published: 1 December 1998
... in three domestic dogs during trotting and galloping. We used ground force recordings and kinematic analysis to calculate the changes in gear ratio that occur during the production of the external work of locomotion. We also monitored length changes of the vastus lateralis muscle, an extensor muscle...