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Keywords: European shagClose
Journal: Journal of Experimental Biology
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (18): 3451–3461.
Published: 15 September 2005
... employ a behavioural strategy to reduce daily energy expenditure by minimizing the amount of time spent in water. However, European shags( Phalacrocorax aristotelis ) have been observed to spend up to 7 h day -1 diving in water of around 5-6°C. To gain a better understanding of the energetic requirements...